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Why hopes of more coronavirus stimulus checks now look dim

Why hopes of more coronavirus stimulus checks now look dim



stimulus talks

Editor’s note: This article contains the latest news on the coronavirus stimulus package. It’s updated regularly with news about coronavirus stimulus checks and related issues.

August 7, 2020 Update: Americans’ hope of a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks is drying up again as talks between the White House and key Democrats collapse. Although the two sides agree that they should send a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks, they don’t agree on anything else.

Their disagreement threatens to derail all hope of more coronavirus stimulus checks. President Donald Trump has said his staff is working on executive orders in case the stimulus talks do fall apart. However, the executive order probably won’t include a second round of checks.

If Trump is forced to use an executive order because Congress won’t come to a bipartisan agreement, the order will probably include a payroll tax cut, protections from eviction, an extension for unemployment and options for student loan repayment.

The president listed those items and said he instructed his staff to keep working on an executive order including them. There was no mention of coronavirus stimulus checks, probably because that would require Congress to approve funds to pay for the checks.

His constitutional ability to issue such an order and have it be binding is in question.

No coronavirus stimulus checks if no deal by Friday

August 6, 2020 Update: The White House and Democratic leaders are slowly moving closer to a deal on the next relief package and more coronavirus stimulus checks. The two sides met again on Wednesday in an attempt to strike a deal on the next stimulus package.

They hope to have an agreement by the end of the week. If there is no deal by tomorrow, there might be no deal at all. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows told Republicans on Wednesday during a close-door lunch that they might stop the negotiations if a deal is not made by Friday, according to USA Today.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has kept his distance from the talks, which some Republican senators find to be a bit strange. According to The Hill, McConnell has stayed away from issues that divide Republicans over the last several years.

The issue of the next stimulus bill has been extremely divisive for the GOP. A Republican senator told The Hill that 20 Republicans aren’t on board with the GOP’s proposal for the next stimulus bill. The senator said conservatives are worried about saddling the next two generations with enormous piles of debt.

Another step toward second coronavirus stimulus check

August 5, 2020 Update: Republicans, Democrats and the White House agree that they should send Americans a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks. However, negotiations on other provisions of the next stimulus package continue to hold things up.

Democrats refuse to negotiate, and they may have already won on one key area of disagreement. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told reporters he is “prepared to support” a stimulus bill that includes an extension of the $600 in weekly federal unemployment benefits.

Republicans have wanted to reduce the amount of the extra benefit, so people aren’t being paid more on unemployment than they were getting paid on the job. McConnell’s agreement to allow the extra $600 in weekly unemployment benefits into the next stimulus package could go a long way toward getting the bill passed.

That means Americans have moved a bit closer to receiving the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks. However, lawmakers are still far from a compromise on other provisions. Some senators are calling for their August recess to be cancelled so they can get the stimulus package passed.

House lawmakers have been told to be prepared to return to Washington to vote on the package after the Senate passes it.

A “little” progress made on deal

August 4, 2020 Update: The second round of coronavirus stimulus checks remains on hold today as lawmakers continue to bicker about what to include in the next package. Bloomberg reports that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin indicated that Monday’s negotiations brought “a little bit” of progress.

However, despite that progress, lawmakers on both sides of the aisle remain wide apart in what they want to see in the next stimulus package. At this point, a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks appears to be the only thing Republicans and Democrats can agree on.

Lawmakers remain split over unemployment benefits as the extra $600 in weekly benefits was allowed to expire without a new deal. Democrats want to extend the $600 to allow people to continue to get paid more on unemployment than they did on the job.

However, Republicans want to reduce the amount of the extra unemployment benefit. Democrats are unwilling to compromise on the amount, demanding that it be kept at $600 a week instead of allowing a smaller amount so that a deal can be made.

In order for a deal to be made, both parties will have to compromise. That means the Republicans will have to allow more than $200 in weekly benefits, while Democrats will have to allow for less than $600.

Other key issues holding up a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks include financial aid for state and local governments and a number of pet projects lawmakers on both sides of the aisle and the White House are trying to tack on.

August 3, 2020 Update: Lawmakers supposedly made some progress on negotiations about the next round of coronavirus stimulus checks and other provisions. However, news reports this morning downplay any alleged progress.

CNN is reporting that despite the optimistic talk, lawmakers are still far from striking a deal on the next stimulus package. The deadline for extending the extra unemployment benefit has come and gone without a deal. That means jobless Americans will see their income drop dramatically this week.

Republicans and Democrats agree on $1,200 coronavirus stimulus checks. However, the Democrats’ refusal to pass the next package in pieces the way Republicans have suggested means that there won’t be any checks until there is agreement on other, more controversial provisions.

Unemployment remains the sticking point between Republicans and Democrats. Democrats want to extend the extra $600 in weekly benefits, but Republicans want to reduce the amount so that people don’t continue to get paid more on unemployment than they did on the job.

Key Democrats and White House officials will be meeting again today to see if any progress can be made on a deal for the next coronavirus stimulus package and a second round of checks.

July 31, 2020 Update: The Senate has left for the weekend without passing a stimulus package for the House to vote on. That means there won’t be any coronavirus stimulus checks or other provisions because lawmakers just can’t get along.

In a further demonstration of just how much bickering has been occurring on Capitol Hill, four Republican centers proposed yet another bill for coronavirus stimulus checks. Sens. Marco Rubio, Mitt Romney, Steve Daines and Bill Cassidy introduced the Coronavirus Assistance for American Families Act, which calls for $1,000 coronavirus stimulus checks.

The bill would send $4,000 to a family of four, so while it means less for individuals, families would receive more because dependents would receive $1,000 each instead of $500, like in the CARES Act and HEALS Act. The bill also differs from the CARES Act because it includes dependents of all ages, including those with disabilities and college students.

It also makes U.S. citizens married to foreign nationals eligible for the money, although foreign nationals and others with Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers would not be eligible to receive the payments.

Like with the CARES Act and HEALS Act, individuals earning up to $75,000 and couples earning up to $150,000 would be eligible for the coronavirus stimulus checks. The amount of the payments would be reduced by 5% of an individual’s adjusted gross income over those levels.

Trump wants second coronavirus stimulus check to be more than $1,200

July 30, 2020 Update: President Donald Trump has suggested that the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks could be more than $1,200. Both Republicans and Democrats have proposed a second round of $1,200 coronavirus stimulus checks.

Trump told KMID-TV in Texas on Wednesday he wants the next stimulus package to be “very generous” and that the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks “may go higher than” $1,200. He said he wants to see the second check be “very high because I love the people.”

The president didn’t say how much he wants the second round of checks to be. According to NBC News, earlier in the day while leaving the White House, Trump said his biggest priorities for the next stimulus package are a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks and a moratorium on evictions.

He added that Congress can handle the rest of the issues “later,” noting that Democrats and Republicans are “so far apart” on other major issues. Both sides indicated on Wednesday that they hadn’t made any progress on striking a deal for the next coronavirus stimulus package.

Lawmakers are on a tight timeline to get something passed. The House leaves for its month-long August recess in a matter of days, and the Senate hasn’t even passed anything for the House to vote on yet.

Why families may receive more in second coronavirus stimulus check

July 29, 2020 Update: Under the HEALS Act, the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks could be larger than the first round of checks for many families. A key difference between the CARES Act, which sent the first round of checks, and the HEALS Act, is the fact that dependents of any age will be eligible for the extra $500.

The CARES Act capped the age of dependents at 17, which meant those age 18 and older did not receive the extra $500 in the family’s coronavirus stimulus check. That excluded older high school students, college students and other adult dependents from receiving $500 each.

Aside from the dependent payment, the coronavirus stimulus check provisions under the HEALS Act and CARES Act are identical. Individuals earning up to $75,000 will receive $1,200, while couples earning up to $150,000 will receive $2,400. The payments phase out after those levels and end at $99,000 for individuals and $198,000 for couples.

HEALS Act revealed with more coronavirus stimulus checks

July 28, 2020 Update: It seems more and more likely that there will be checks similar to those in the first round. However, do not get too excited even if it becomes official. The IRS is allegedly still working out glitch details, so you may have to wait even if the bill is passed soon!

Senate Leader Mitch McConnell revealed the HEALS Act on Monday, which includes a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks, among other provisions. The Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection and Schools Act comes with a $1 trillion price tag.

In addition to a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks, the bill includes an extra $200 in weekly unemployment benefits, which is a decrease from the $600 that was offered in the CARES Act. The bill also includes additional funding for schools.

How much money you will get

The second round of coronavirus stimulus checks under the HEALS Act is very similar to the first round under the CARES Act. Individuals earning up to $75,000 per year will receive $1,200, while couples earning up to $150,000 will receive $2,400.

The payments phase out after those levels, ending at $99,000 for individuals and $198,000 for couples. The coronavirus stimulus checks also include $500 per dependent of any age, which is a change from the first round of checks. The first round excluded dependents over the age of 17.

Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi have already said the HEALS Act does not include what’s needed for the economy, such as hazard pay for essential workers. It also doesn’t address the eviction crisis ir provide more funds for food stamps.

GOP to unveil proposal with coronavirus stimulus checks today

July 27, 2020 Update: Senate Republicans are expected to reveal their full coronavirus stimulus package today, but negotiations are far from over. Sen. Lindsey Graham told Fox News over the weekend that half of Republicans are going to vote against the package, illustrating the barriers that still must be overcome before it becomes law.

A second round of coronavirus stimulus checks is expected to receive bipartisan support. Since Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is introducing the package in multiple pieces, it is possible that the checks could be passed even if the other provisions he wants to see don’t pass both houses of Congress.

After Republicans in the Senate reveal their proposal, they will then start negotiating with Senate Democrats. They are on a tight timeline as the House of Representatives leaves for its August recess at the end of the week.

If anything is going to be passed, it must pass at least the House before the end of the week. The Senate leaves for its August recess at the end of next week, so it will have time to negotiate on any revisions made by the House of Representatives.

The big question now is whether bipartisan bickering and infighting in the GOP keeps a second round of coronavirus checks and other provisions from being passed.

Coronavirus Stimlus Checks Are Vital For Economic Growth

July 25, 2020 Update: The US consumer is responsible for 70% of American gross domestic produce. This is why the stimulus check debate is so vital for the US economy. Especially, with business spending out, US consumers are even more vital for economic growth. If the average American does not have some extra money to spend they could take down the whole economy with them.

More and more details about the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks are coming out. We heard that the GOP’s version of the next stimulus package does indeed include more direct payments, but the amount of those payments and other details about eligibility were not released immediately.

June 24th Coverage

Now we know that the GOP’s proposal for a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks is the same as the first round. The bill calls for $1,200 checks to be sent to individuals earning up to $75,000 and couples earning up to $150,000. After those levels, the payments start to phase out, presumably until the $99,000 income level for individuals and $198,000 for couples. That makes the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks the same as the first round.

Confirmation that the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks will be the same as the first round came from Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. He told reporters on Thursday that their proposal “is the exact same provision as last time,” according to Bloomberg.

Update on coronavirus stimulus checks expected today

July 23, 2020 Update:The GOP are continuing to bicker over the details of the Coronavirus stimulus checks package. It appears everyone wants a wide stimulus program, but the devil is in the details. One of the big debates is about unemployment. While not the same as the checks, the two are closely tied together. The Democrats want unemployment to continue, while the GOP believes it is boosting unemployment.

Republican lawmakers say they have reached an agreement on the next coronavirus stimulus package. They expect to reveal the stimulus bill today after three full days of negotiations.

Senate Health Chairman Lamar Alexander said the agreement reflects the GOP’s priorities, which are “back to school, back to child care, back to work.” The stimulus bill includes $105 billion in funding for schools and billions of dollars for COVID-19 testing.

As expected, the bill comes with a price tag of $1 trillion. It includes a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks for families and individuals, liability protections, more forgivable loans under the Paycheck Protection Program, and incentives for businesses to retain and hire employees.

According to CNN, Sen. Roy Blunt told reporters that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell plans to reveal the package today in pieces based on jurisdiction rather than as a single bill. That will bring the beginning of negotiations with Democrats.

GOP bickering may delay coronavirus stimulus checks

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell confirmed that a second round of IRS Coronavirus stimulus checks and payments will be included in the legislation he writes. However, it’s far from a done deal. Divisions among Republicans and the White House mean there is still much more negotiating to do before anything will be ready to go to Democrats for discussion.

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McConnell said Senate Republicans in general support a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks. He made the remark following a closed-door meeting on Tuesday.

It was the first time McConnell confirmed that Republicans in the Senate will officially support sending a second round of IRS stimulus payments. He said they want another round of IRS stimulus payments "to help American families keep driving our national comeback."

Before Tuesday's remark, Republicans had debated among themselves whether more stimulus checks were necessary due to other priorities. McConnell's remark is important because it indicates that Senate Republicans have joined Democrats and President Donald Trump in supporting a second round of coronavirus stimulus checks.

Income cap?

Although a major milestone has now been passed with Republicans finally on board with another round IRS stimulus payments, the details remain unclear. McConnell previously said he thought Americans earning less than $40,000 a year have been hit the hardest by the pandemic.

Thus, it was widely speculated that the income cap for the second round of coronavirus stimulus checks would be set at $40,000. However, after his remark on Tuesday, he offered no further details about eligibility for the second round of checks.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi previously said she thought people earning more than $40,000 probably need help as well, so Democrats may want the income cap to be set higher. The question will be what Republicans come up with as a starting point for negotiations with the Democrats.

Republicans want to keep the next stimulus package at a $1 trillion price tag. A couple of ways to do that would be to tighten eligibility for the second coronavirus stimulus check and to reduce the amount of it.

Republicans split over next coronavirus stimulus package

McConnell's comment about a second round of IRS Coronavirus stimulus checks payments indicates that at least one provision may have been agreed to. However, despite his comment, many Republicans may not actually support more coronavirus stimulus checks.

News reports indicate that several Republicans are speaking out against the bill as it's taking shape under McConnell's leadership. That means there may not actually be as much widespread support among Republicans for a second round of IRS stimulus checks as what is being reported.

CNN and The New York Times both report that the divisions within the GOP have gotten to extreme levels following Tuesday's close-door meeting. The meeting was aimed at negotiating provisions to include in the next stimulus package.

However, it devolved into a venting session in which key members of the GOP talked about what should and shouldn't be in the package. CNN quotes McConnell as saying that the proposal he is working "enjoys fairly significant support among Republican senators" and adding but "not everyone."

In a floor speech before the meeting, he listed the provisions he expects to include in the Republican plan. Those provisions include $105 billion in funding for schools, more targeted funding for forgivable small business loans, a second round of IRS stimulus payments, and liability protections for schools, businesses, healthcare workers and hospitals.

Negotiations delayed by divisions

While many Republicans are rallying behind the proposal, many provisions are still being discussed with the White House. One area of hot debate is a payroll tax cut, which Trump has said must be included in the package, or he might think about not signing it.

At Tuesday's meeting, many senators reportedly spoke up against the idea of a payroll tax cut. Some even questioned whether another major spending package is necessary as they expressed concern about the federal deficit and how much has already been spent to deal with the pandemic.

Sen. Ted Cruz told reporters that based on where the proposal stood after the meeting, he was "not only a no," but a "hell no." Sen. Rand Paul also said he doesn't support the bill as it stands.

Negotiations on the package were supposed to start in earnest this week, but the divisions within the GOP have significantly delayed them. Republicans still plan to reveal their package this week, but they are swiftly running out of time.

Coronavirus stimulus checks and the broader economy

Both houses of Congress will have to pass the bill by the end of next week. The longer Republicans take to come up with a starting point, the less likely Congress will be able to get something passed before the August recess. Negotiations with the Democrats are likely to be at least as difficult as the discussions among Republicans.

The August recess isn't the only deadline lawmakers are up against. The extra $600 in weekly unemployment benefits also runs out at the end of the month, and millions of Americans remain out of work.

Democrats want to extend the extra $600 in benefits, but Republicans will likely seek to decrease the amount of extra benefits. However, given the division over other provisions in the bill, the GOP may not have even gotten to discussing unemployment yet, which is likely to be a key sticking point with Democrats.

The New York Times reports that top Republican officials privately said the negotiations are likely to stretch into August, which will leave millions of Americans without extra help as the pandemic continues to rage.

The post Why hopes of more coronavirus stimulus checks now look dim appeared first on ValueWalk.

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Delivering aid during war is tricky − here’s what to know about what Gaza relief operations may face

The politics of delivering aid in war zones are messy, the ethics fraught and the logistics daunting. But getting everything right is essential − and…




Palestinians on the outskirts of Gaza City walk by buildings destroyed by Israeli bombardment on Oct. 20, 2023. AP Photo/Ali Mahmoud

The 2.2 million people who live in Gaza are facing economic isolation and experiencing incessant bombardment. Their supplies of essential resources, including food and water, are quickly dwindling.

In response, U.S. President Joe Biden has pledged US$100 million in humanitarian assistance for the citizens of Gaza.

As a scholar of peace and conflict economics who served as a World Bank consultant during the 2014 war between Hamas and Israel, I believe that Biden’s promise raises fundamental questions regarding the delivery of humanitarian aid in a war zone. Political constraints, ethical quandaries and the need to protect the security of aid workers and local communities always make it a logistical nightmare.

In this specific predicament, U.S. officials have to choose a strategy to deliver the aid without the perception of benefiting Hamas, a group the U.S. and Israel both classify as a terrorist organization.


When aiding people in war zones, you can’t just send money, a development strategy called “cash transfers” that has become increasingly popular due to its efficiency. Sending money can boost the supply of locally produced goods and services and help people on the ground pay for what they need most. But injecting cash into an economy so completely cut off from the world would only stoke inflation.

So the aid must consist of goods that have to be brought into Gaza, and services provided by people working as part of an aid mission. Humanitarian aid can include food and water; health, sanitation and hygiene supplies and services; and tents and other materials for shelter and settlement.

Due to the closure of the border with Israel, aid can arrive in Gaza only via the Rafah crossing on the Egyptian border.

The U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, will likely turn to its longtime partner on the ground, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, or UNRWA, to serve as supply depots and distribute goods. That agency, originally founded in 1949 as a temporary measure until a two-state solution could be found, serves in effect as a parallel yet unelected government for Palestinian refugees.

USAID will likely want to tap into UNRWA’s network of 284 schools – many of which are now transformed into humanitarian shelters housing two-thirds of the estimated 1 million people displaced by Israeli airstrikes – and 22 hospitals to expedite distribution.

Map of Gaza and its neighbors
Gaza is a self-governing Palestinian territory. The narrow piece of land is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Israel and Egypt. PeterHermesFurian/iStock via Getty Images Plus


Prior to the Trump administration, the U.S. was typically the largest single provider of aid to the West Bank and Gaza. USAID administers the lion’s share of it.

Since Biden took office, total yearly U.S. assistance for the Palestinian territories has totaled around $150 million, restored from just $8 million in 2020 under the Trump administration. During the Obama administration, however, the U.S. was providing more aid to the territories than it is now, with $1 billion disbursed in the 2013 fiscal year.

But the White House needs Congress to approve this assistance – a process that requires the House of Representatives to elect a new speaker and then for lawmakers to approve aid to Gaza once that happens.


The United Nations Relief and Works Agency is a U.N. organization. It’s not run by Hamas, unlike, for instance, the Gaza Ministry of Health. However, Hamas has frequently undermined UNRWA’s efforts and diverted international aid for military purposes.

Hamas has repeatedly used UNRWA schools as rocket depots. They have repeatedly tunneled beneath UNRWA schools. They have dismantled European Union-funded water pipes to use as rocket fuselages. And even since the most recent violence broke out, the UNRWA has accused Hamas of stealing fuel and food from its Gaza premises.

Humanitarian aid professionals regularly have to contend with these trade-offs when deciding to what extent they can work with governments and local authorities that commit violent acts. They need to do so in exchange for the access required to help civilians under their control.

Similarly, Biden has had to make concessions to Israel while brokering for the freedom to send humanitarian aid to Gaza. For example, he has assured Israel that if any of the aid is diverted by Hamas, the operation will cease.

This promise may have been politically necessary. But if Biden already believes Hamas to be uncaring about civilian welfare, he may not expect the group to refrain from taking what they can.

Security best practices

What can be done to protect the security of humanitarian aid operations that take place in the midst of dangerous conflicts?

Under International Humanitarian Law, local authorities have the primary responsibility for ensuring the delivery of aid – even when they aren’t carrying out that task. To increase the chances that the local authorities will not attack them, aid groups can give “humanitarian notification” and voluntarily alert the local government as to where they will be operating.

Hamas has repeatedly flouted international norms and laws. So the question of if and how the aid convoy will be protected looms large.

Under the current agreement between the U.S., Israel and Egypt, the convoy will raise the U.N. flag. International inspectors will make sure no weapons are on board the vehicles before crossing over from Arish, Egypt, to Rafah, a city located on the Gaza Strip’s border with Egypt.

The aid convoy will likely cross without militarized security. This puts it at some danger of diversion once inside Gaza. But whether the aid convoy is attacked, seized or left alone, the Biden administration will have demonstrated its willingness to attempt a humanitarian relief operation. In this sense, a relatively small first convoy bearing water, medical supplies and food, among other items, serves as a test balloon for a sustained operation to follow soon after.

If the U.S. were to provide the humanitarian convoy a military escort, by contrast, Hamas could see its presence as a provocation. Washington’s support for Israel is so strong that the U.S. could potentially be judged as a party in the conflict between Israel and Hamas.

In that case, the presence of U.S. armed forces might provoke attacks on Gaza-bound aid convoys by Hamas and Islamic jihad fighters that otherwise would not have occurred. Combined with the mobilization of two U.S. Navy carrier groups in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, I’d be concerned that such a move might also stoke regional anger. It would undermine the Biden administration’s attempts to cool the situation.

On U.N.-approved missions, aid delivery may be secured by third-party peacekeepers – meaning, in this case, personnel who are neither Israeli nor Palestinian – with the U.N. Security Council’s blessing. In this case, tragically, it’s unlikely that such a resolution could conceivably pass such a vote, much less quickly enough to make a difference.

Topher L. McDougal does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

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Diagnosis and management of postoperative wound infections in the head and neck region

“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]” Credit: 2023 Barbarewicz…



“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]”

Credit: 2023 Barbarewicz et al.

“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]”

BUFFALO, NY- October 20, 2023 – A new research perspective was published in Oncoscience (Volume 10) on October 4, 2023, entitled, “Diagnosis and management of postoperative wound infections in the head and neck region.”

In everyday clinical practice at a department for oral and maxillofacial surgery, a large number of surgical procedures in the head and neck region take place under both outpatient and inpatient conditions. The basis of every surgical intervention is the patient’s consent to the respective procedure. Particular attention is drawn to the general and operation-specific risks. 

Particularly in the case of soft tissue procedures in the facial region, bleeding, secondary bleeding, scarring and infection of the surgical area are among the most common complications/risks, depending on the respective procedure. In their new perspective, researchers Filip Barbarewicz, Kai-Olaf Henkel and Florian Dudde from Army Hospital Hamburg in Germany discuss the diagnosis and management of postoperative infections in the head and neck region.

“In order to minimize the wound infections/surgical site infections, aseptic operating conditions with maximum sterility are required.”

Furthermore, depending on the extent of the surgical procedure and the patient‘s previous illnesses, peri- and/or postoperative antibiotics should be considered in order to avoid postoperative surgical site infection. Abscesses, cellulitis, phlegmone and (depending on the location of the procedure) empyema are among the most common postoperative infections in the respective surgical area. The main pathogens of these infections are staphylococci, although mixed (germ) patterns are also possible. 

“Risk factors for the development of a postoperative surgical site infection include, in particular, increased age, smoking, multiple comorbidities and/or systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus type II) as well as congenital and/ or acquired immune deficiency [10, 11].”


Continue reading the paper: DOI: 

Correspondence to: Florian Dudde


Keywords: surgical site infection, head and neck surgery


About Oncoscience

Oncoscience is a peer-reviewed, open-access, traditional journal covering the rapidly growing field of cancer research, especially emergent topics not currently covered by other journals. This journal has a special mission: Freeing oncology from publication cost. It is free for the readers and the authors.

To learn more about Oncoscience, visit and connect with us on social media:

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Biden’s Student Loan Forgiveness Plan Makes the Poor Pay for the Rich

A year after the Supreme Court struck down President Biden’s student loan forgiveness plan, he presented a new scheme to the Department of Education…



A year after the Supreme Court struck down President Biden’s student loan forgiveness plan, he presented a new scheme to the Department of Education on Tuesday. While it is less aggressive than the prior plan, this proposal would cost hundreds of billions of taxpayer dollars, doing more harm than good. 

As the legendary economist Milton Friedman noted, “One of the great mistakes is to judge policies and programs by their intentions rather than their results.” 

Higher education in America is costly, and this “forgiveness” would make it worse. 

Signing up for potentially life-long student loans at a young age is too normalized. At the same time, not enough borrowers can secure jobs that offer adequate financial support to pay off these massive loans upon graduation or leaving college. These issues demand serious attention. But “erasing” student loans, as well-intentioned as it may be, is not the panacea Americans have been led to believe.

Upon closer examination, the President’s forgiveness plan creates winners and losers, ultimately benefiting higher-income earners the most. In reality, this plan amounts to wealth redistribution. To quote another top economist, Thomas Sowell described this clearly: “There are no solutions, only trade-offs.” 

Forgiving student loans is not the end of the road but the beginning of a trade-off for a rising federal fiscal crisis and soaring college tuition. 

When the federal government uses taxpayer funds to give student loans, it charges an interest rate to account for the cost of the loan. To say that all borrowers no longer have to pay would mean taxpayers lose along with those who pay for it and those who have been paying or have paid off their student loans.

According to the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, student debt forgiveness could cost at least $360 billion. 

Let’s consider that there will be 168 million tax returns filed this year. A simple calculation suggests that student loan forgiveness could add around $2,000 yearly in taxes per taxpayer, based on the CRFB’s central estimate. 

Clearly, nothing is free, and the burden of student loan forgiveness will be shifted to taxpayers.

One notable feature of this plan is that forgiveness is unavailable to individuals earning over $125,000 annually. In practice, this means that six-figure earners could have their debts partially paid off by lower-income tax filers who might not have even pursued higher education. This skewed allocation of resources is a sharp departure from progressive policy.

Data show that half of Americans are already frustrated with “Bidenomics.” 

Inflation remains high, affordable housing is a distant dream, and wages fail to keep up with soaring inflation. Introducing the potential of an additional $2,000 annual tax burden at least for those already struggling, mainly to subsidize high-income earners, adds insult to injury.

Furthermore, it’s vital to recognize that the burden of unpaid student loans should not fall on low-income earners or Americans who did not attend college. Incentives play a crucial role in influencing markets. 

By removing the incentive for student loan borrowers to repay their debts, we may encourage more individuals to pursue higher education and accumulate debt without the intention of paying it back. After all, why would they when it can be written off through higher taxes for everyone?

The ripple effect of this plan could be far-reaching. 

It may make college more accessible for some, opening the floodgates for students and the need for universities to expand and hire more staff, leading to even higher college tuition. This perverse incentive will set a precedent that will create a cycle of soaring tuition, which would counteract the original goal of making higher education more affordable.

While the intention behind President Biden’s student loan forgiveness may appear noble (in likelihood, it is a rent-seeking move), the results may prove detrimental to our nation’s economic stability and fairness. And if the debt is monetized, more inflation will result.

Forgiving student loans will exacerbate existing problems, with the brunt of the burden falling on lower-income Americans. Instead of improving the situation, it will likely create an intricate web of financial consequences, indirectly affecting the very people it aims to help. But that is the result of most government programs with good intentions.



Vance Ginn, Ph.D., is president of Ginn Economic Consulting, chief economist or senior fellow at multiple state thinks across the country, host of the Let People Prosper Show, and previously the associate director for economic policy of the White House’s Office of Management and Budget, 2019-20. Follow him on @VanceGinn.


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