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Japan Emerges As Biggest Driver Behind Recent Surge In Treasury Yields

Japan Emerges As Biggest Driver Behind Recent Surge In Treasury Yields

It was about a year ago, when the calendar was moving from the end…

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Japan Emerges As Biggest Driver Behind Recent Surge In Treasury Yields

It was about a year ago, when the calendar was moving from the end of the first quarter of 2021 and into the second quarter, when we first reported that one of the catalysts behind the forceful emergence of the "reflation trade" in the first quarter was the powerful move higher in yields which many interpreted as markets pricing in higher long-term inflation. In reality as we reported last year, the move which coincided perfectly with the end of Japan's fiscal year on March 31..

... was largely, if not exclusively, a byproduct of Japan's giant pension fund, the GPIF, drastically shifting out of treasuries as it slashed its US Treasury exposure by a record amount. This blow out in yields, which also coincided with that infamous "failed" 7Y auction in Feb 2021, was material as most investors mistook the rise in yields as validation for a super-hot economy, and the consensus bought into the idea that 10-year yields were headed above 2%. Of course, as we cautioned investors, yields had overshot relative to the economic reality and over the coming weeks, economic data in the US couldn’t keep up with unrealistic expectations, and 10-year yields started grinding lower (similar to what we expect will happen in the next few months).

We bring this up because a bout a month ago we speculated that Japan was engaging in another wholesale liquidation of US paper ahead of (and following) its fiscal year end on March 31, with potentially huge false signal consequences...

... this has been confirmed and as Bloomberg writes overnight, Japanese institutional managers - best known for their legendary U.S. debt buying sprees in recent decades - are fueling the great bond selloff just as the Federal Reserve pares its $9 trillion balance sheet.

Validating our hypothesis that Japan is behind the great Treasury rout for the second year in a row, the latest data from BMO Capital Markets shows the largest overseas holder of Treasuries offloaded almost $60 billion over the past three months! And while that may be small change relative to the Japan’s $1.3 trillion stockpile, its effect is magnified by the near record illiquidity in the Treasury market.

"It’s a significant amount of selling and on par with what we saw in early 2017 from Japan,” said BMO rates strategist Ben Jeffery.

Furthermore, the divestment threatens to grow because the monetary path between the U.S. and the Asian nation is diverging ever more, the yen is plumbing 20-year lows and market volatility stateside is breaking out, something Albert Edwards discussed in debt last weekend (see here). As we discussed last week, while the aggressive Fed tightening cycle to combat inflation could result in multiple 50 basis-point hikes in the coming months, the Bank of Japan remains locked in endless stimulus. That’s weakening the yen and upending the economics of buying Treasuries especially since the BOJ last week confirmed that the 10-year Japanese government bond will remain indefinitely capped around 0.25%, even if it means the total collapse of the yen.

This historic monetary policy decoupling is ramping up currency-hedging costs and completely offsetting the appeal of higher nominal U.S. yields, especially among large life insurers. As shown in the chart below, the cost of currency hedged Treasurys is the highest in two years, making it uneconomical for Japanese buyers to buy hedged TSYs, even with 10Y yields approaching 3%. In fact, near-zero-yielding bonds at home look ever-more appealing even as U.S. debt offers some of the highest rates in years.

It means that while Japanese accounts are contributing to the historic Treasury rout, they may not return en masse until the benchmark 10-year yield trades firmly above 3%... which it did earlier today.

While 10-year U.S. yields briefly traded above 3% today for the first time since 2018, buyers who pay to protect against fluctuations in the yen-dollar exchange rate see their effective yields dwindle to just 1.3%. That’s because as shown above, hedging costs have ballooned to 1.66%, a level not seen since early 2020 when the global demand for dollars spiked in the pandemic rout.

Remarkably, a year ago the Treasury benchmark was offering a similar hedged yield, when the cost of protecting against moves in the exchange rate thanks to a modest 32 basis-point hedging expense.

“Hedge costs are the issue for investing in U.S. Treasuries,” said Eiichiro Miura, general manager of the fixed-income department at Nissay Asset Management Corp.

Worse, while Fed tightening and associated market volatility, have tempered Japanese buying of Treasuries in the past, in this cycle, the high level of uncertainty surrounding U.S. inflation and interest-rate policy may trigger an extended absence according to Bloomberg.

At the same time, Japanese traders have other, far more lucrative hedged offshore options as euro-hedging costs remain near the one-year average: “In the span of next six months or so, investing in Europe is better than the U.S. as hedge costs are likely to be low,” said Tatsuya Higuchi, executive chief fund manager at Mitsubishi UFJ Kokusai Asset Management Co. “Among the euro bonds, Spain, Italy or France look appealing given the spreads.”

“The Fed is being super aggressive,” said John Madziyire, portfolio manager at Vanguard Group Inc. “Are you really going to buy when Treasuries will probably get to more attractive levels?”

One broad Treasury index is already sitting on a more than 8% loss so far this year. Much now rests on whether the 10-year can consolidate in a range of 2.80% to 3.10% this month once the upcoming Fed meeting is absorbed by the market along with quarterly debt sales from the U.S. Treasury.

“Japanese investors will wait for some stabilization in long-dated yields before they sense a buying opportunity,” said George Goncalves, head of macro strategy at MUFG. “If the 10-year settles during May, that will help attract buyers and at those yield levels you are getting compensated now.”

As for how messed up the market signaling may be due to Japan's forced selling, and the market's interpretation that - just like in 2021 - the US economy is getting stronger and able to accommodate Fed rate hikes when in fact the spike in yields is just a function of, well, forced selling, we hope to find out in a few months when the Fed will have hiked 50gps and maybe even 75bps into a full-blown recession, which will then send yields crashing back to 0%.

Tyler Durden Mon, 05/02/2022 - 14:43

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Economics

Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge

Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge
PR Newswire
NEW YORK, July 3, 2022

Over 200 Forbes 2000 companies rely on our actionable insightsMore than 100 CPOs…

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Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge

PR Newswire

  • Over 200 Forbes 2000 companies rely on our actionable insights
  • More than 100 CPOs and 500 category managers use our insights daily
  • SpendEdge has the fastest growth rate in number of reports and client base

NEW YORK, July 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The IT Consulting market size is expected to grow by USD 131.35 Billion by 2025, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.19% during the forecast period. To know more about this market.

Request For a Free Sample Report

IT Consulting Market Analysis

Analysis of the cost and volume drivers and supply market forecasts in various regions are offered in this IT Consulting research report. This market intelligence report also analyzes the top supply markets, market opportunities, challenges and the critical cost drivers that can aid buyers and suppliers devise a cost-effective category management strategy.

The report provides insights on the following information:

  • Regional spend dynamism and factors impacting costs
  • The total cost of ownership and cost-saving opportunities
  • Supply chain margins and pricing models
  • Competitiveness index for suppliers
  • Market favorability index for suppliers
  • Supplier and buyer KPIs

Get detailed insights on the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and recovery analysis of IT Consulting Market

www.spendedge.com/report/it-consulting-services-market-procurement-research-report

Related Reports on Professional Services Market:

Detect blind spots in your revenue decisions by analyzing interconnected unknowns around the "IT Consulting Market."

Report Metrics

Details

Base year considered

2021

Forecast period

2021 - 2025

Forecast units

USD Billion

Geographies covered

North America, South America, Europe, Middle East and Africa, and APAC

Leading IT Consulting suppliers

Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd., PricewaterhouseCoopers International Ltd., and Ernst & Young Global Ltd.

Top Pricing Models

Flat-fee model, hourly rate model, and cost-plus model

This procurement report answers help buyers identify and shortlist the most suitable suppliers for their IT Consulting Market requirements following questions:

  • Am I engaging with the right suppliers?
  • Which KPIs should I use to evaluate my incumbent suppliers?
  • Which supplier selection criteria are relevant for?
  • What are the workplace computing devices category essentials in terms of SLAs and RFx?

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Market Insights
  • Category Pricing Insights
  • Cost-saving Opportunities
  • Best Practices
  • Category Ecosystem
  • Category Management Strategy
  • Category Management Enablers
  • Suppliers Selection
  • Suppliers under Coverage
  • US Market Insights
  • Category scope

Appendix

About SpendEdge:

SpendEdge shares your passion for driving sourcing and procurement excellence. We are the preferred procurement market intelligence partner for 120+ Fortune 500 firms and other leading companies across numerous industries. Our strength lies in delivering robust, real-time procurement market intelligence reports and solutions.

Contact
SpendEdge
Anirban Choudhury
Marketing Manager
Ph No: +1 (872) 206-9340 
https://www.spendedge.com/contact-us

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SOURCE SpendEdge

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Spread & Containment

Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

There are a number of factors that determine how much a region’s population…

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Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

There are a number of factors that determine how much a region’s population changes.

If an area sees a high number of migrants, along with a strong birth rate and low death rate, then its population is bound to increase over time. On the flip side, as Visual Capitalists Nick Routley details below, if more people are leaving the area than coming in, and the region’s birth rate is low, then its population will likely decline.

Which areas in the United States are seeing the most growth, and which places are seeing their populations dwindle?

This map, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, shows a decade of population movement across U.S. counties, painting a detailed picture of U.S. population growth between 2010 and 2020.

Counties With The Biggest Population Growth from 2010-2020

To calculate population estimates for each county, the U.S. Census Bureau does the following calculations:

      A county’s base population → plus births → minus deaths → plus migration = new population estimate

From 2010 to 2020, Maricopa County in Arizona saw the highest increase in its population estimate. Over a decade, the county gained 753,898 residents. Below are the counties that saw the biggest increases in population:

Phoenix and surrounding areas grew faster than any other major city in the country. The region’s sunny climate and amenities are popular with retirees, but another draw is housing affordability. Families from more expensive markets—California in particular—are moving to the city in droves. This is a trend that spilled over into the pandemic era as more people moved into remote and hybrid work situations.

Texas counties saw a lot of growth as well, with five of the top 10 gainers located in the state of Texas. A big draw for Texas is its relatively affordable housing market. In 2021, average home prices in the state stood at $172,500$53,310 below the national average.

Counties With The Biggest Population Drops from 2010-2020

On the opposite end of the spectrum, here’s a look at the top 10 counties that saw the biggest declines in their populations over the decade:

The largest drops happened in counties along the Great Lakes, including Cook County (which includes the city of Chicago) and Wayne County (which includes the city of Detroit).

For many of these counties, particularly those in America’s “Rust Belt”, population drops over this period were a continuation of decades-long trends. Wayne County is an extreme example of this trend. From 1970 to 2020, the area lost one-third of its population.

U.S. Population Growth in Percentage Terms (2010-2020)

While the map above is great at showing where the greatest number of Americans migrated, it downplays big changes in counties with smaller populations.

For example, McKenzie County in North Dakota, with a 2020 population of just 15,242, was the fastest-growing U.S. county over the past decade. The county’s 138% increase was driven primarily by the Bakken oil boom in the area. High-growth counties in Texas also grew as new sources of energy were extracted in rural areas.

The nation’s counties are evenly divided between population increase and decline, and clear patterns emerge.

Pandemic Population Changes

More recent population changes reflect longer-term trends. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many of the counties that saw the strongest population increases were located in high-growth states like Florida and Texas.

Below are the 20 counties that grew the most from 2020 to 2021.

Many of these counties are located next to large cities, reflecting a shift to the suburbs and larger living spaces. However, as COVID-19 restrictions ease, and the pandemic housing boom tapers off due to rising interest rates, it remains to be seen whether the suburban shift will continue, or if people begin to migrate back to city centers.

Tyler Durden Sat, 07/02/2022 - 21:00

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Economics

The Best Cities to Buy a Starter Home

Competition for starter homes is intense. What’s a buyer to do? Look to these cities to break into the real estate market.

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Competition for starter homes is intense. What's a buyer to do? Look to these cities to break into the real estate market.

Who wants to buy a home? A lot more people than there are homes to buy, and the outlook for first-time buyers is particularly grim.

About 26 million Americans plan to buy a home in the next 12 months, but just 5-6 million homes were sold in each of the past five years, according to a NerdWallet survey conducted in December 2021.

Millennials, aged about 26-41 years, are the largest group trying to buy homes, about 37%, according to the National Association of Realtors, and first-time buyers made up 31% of all home buyers. The supply of starter homes decreased by more than half from 2017-2021, according to an analysis by Realtor.com, which defined starters as single-family homes, condos, and townhomes under 1,850 square feet.

While median monthly asking rent in the U.S. surpassed $2,000 in May, the national median sale price topped $431,000, according to Redfin data.

And it’s not just low inventory and high prices, the competition is fierce for first-time homebuyers. Urban renters headed for the suburbs during the pandemic to compete for those entry-level homes, baby boomers looking to downsize also go after smaller properties, and to make matters worse, first-time home buyers must compete with investors who pay cash to fix and flip homes. These cash-rich flippers now make up about 10% of homebuyers

Lastly, builders have largely been unable to offset the decline in starter homes.

For the house hunter who still has the moxie to try, turn to this list of cheapest cities to buy a home. To find the cheapest places for homebuyers and the best places for starter homes, StorageCafe, an online platform that provides storage unit listings across the nation, looked at data from 108 U.S. cities with populations ranging from 90,000 to 8 million. The metrics include property values, number of sales between 2015 and 2021, housing affordability, cost of living, unemployment rate, homebuyers’ ages, the ratio of renters to owners, income levels, FHA lending limits and average mortgage rates. They scored each city on these metrics then ranked them based on their potential with regard to starter homes.

Here are the best cities for first-time homebuyers:

1. Fort Wayne, Ind.

  • Median property value: $113,144
  • Cost of living index: 87
  • Homebuyers' age: 35
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

The analysis used average mortgage rates from 2021, and rates have since gone up, hovering near 6% in June, but last year's rates might still give you a sense of where rates tend to be lower.

2. Columbia Md.

  • Median property value: $264,055
  • Cost of living index:106
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

3. Pittsburgh

  • Median property value: $170,042
  • Cost of living index:104
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.03%

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4. Fishers, Ind.

  • Median property value: $258,679
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

5. Columbus, Ohio

  • Median property value: $164,229
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.16%

aceshot1 / Shutterstock

6. Carmel, Ind.

  • Median property value: $244,670
  • Cost of living index: 104
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.01%

7. St. Paul, Minn.

  • Median property value: $286,151
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

8. Cary, N.C.

  • Median property value: $308,611
  • Cost of living index: 94
  • Homebuyers' age: 43
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

9. Manchester, N.H.

  • Median property value: $276,257
  • Cost of living index: 111
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.03%

10. Minneapolis

  • Median property value: $288,926
  • Cost of living index: 105
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.01%

11. Nashville, Tenn.

  • Median property value: $318,046
  • Cost of living index: 93
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

f11photo / Shutterstock

12. Bakersfield, Calif.

  • Median property value: $216,063
  • Cost of living index: 102
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.04%

13. Arvada, Colo.

  • Median property value: $476,672
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

14. Alexandria, Va.

  • Median property value: $432,703
  • Cost of living index: 137
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 2.99%

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15. Centennial, Colo.

  • Median property value: $444,747
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

16. Denver

  • Median property value: $505,777
  • Cost of living index: 113
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

17. Raleigh, N.C.

  • Median property value: $279,304
  • Cost of living index: 94
  • Homebuyers' age: 43
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

18. Germantown, Md.

  • Median property value: $261,511
  • Cost of living index: 157
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

19. St. Petersburg, Fla.

  • Median property value: $283,684
  • Cost of living index: 96
  • Homebuyers' age: 53
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

20. Lakewood, Colo.

  • Median property value: $380,165
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

21. Aurora, Colo.

  • Median property value: $360,542
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

22. Boca Raton, Fla.

  • Median property value: $280,104
  • Cost of living index: 116
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

23. Modesto, Calif.

  • Median property value: $319,328
  • Cost of living index: 119
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.04%

Shutterstock

24. Chandler, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $388,450
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

Shutterstock

25. Las Vegas

  • Median property value: $265,170
  • Cost of living index: 107
  • Homebuyers' age: 50
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

26. Washington, D.C.

  • Median property value: $623,135
  • Cost of living index: 157
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 4.90%

27. Scottsdale, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $478,609
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

28. Spokane, Wash.

  • Median property value: $300,881
  • Cost of living index: 107
  • Homebuyers' age: 44
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.06%

29. Peoria, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $373,588
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

30. Gilbert, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $409,324
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

31. Portland, Ore.

  • Median property value: $484,475
  • Cost of living index: 132
  • Homebuyers' age: 44
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.08%

Check out how all 108 cities ranked and see the methodology for this study at StorageCafe.com

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