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Economics

Will US dollar weakness last?

A weak US dollar is commonly seen as a benefit to international stocks as foreign companies’ returns appear more attractive in dollar-denominated terms….

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A weak US dollar is commonly seen as a benefit to international stocks as foreign companies’ returns appear more attractive in dollar-denominated terms. So it’s no surprise that, as an equity strategist, I’m often asked about my outlook for the US dollar.

After a dramatic “risk-on” rotation beginning in early 2020, we greet the new year with a technically oversold US currency and overbought stock market. In other words, investor positioning has become lopsided, arguing that a countertrend bounce in the “greenback” and near-term drawdowns in stocks may be in store.

Looking further ahead, however, I believe the “buck” should continue to depreciate for a host of reasons, and expect the current weak dollar cycle to last for years to come.

A history of US dollar cycles

The trade-weighted US dollar Index measures the value of the United States dollar relative to other major world currencies. Since the early 1970s, the relative value of the US dollar has ebbed and flowed between long and well-defined periods of strength and weakness. As illustrated in Figure 1, it seems the “greenback” is only four years into the current weak dollar cycle. On average, such cycles have lasted about eight years, the longest having been roughly 10 years.

Figure 1. It seems the “greenback” is only four years into the current weak dollar cycle.

Source: Bloomberg L.P., Invesco, 11/30/20. Notes: USD = Trade Weighted US Dollar Index: Advanced Foreign Economies (AFE), Goods and Services = A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that are advanced foreign economies. This index contains seven currencies from the Euro Area (euro), Canada (dollar), Japan (yen), the UK (pound), Switzerland (franc), Australia (dollar) and Sweden (krona). Shaded areas denote strong USD regimes. An investment cannot be made directly in an index. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Factors that support a weak US dollar

While past dollar cycles can offer clues about what the future may hold for the currency, history isn’t enough on its own. As such, I assembled a number of other factors that I believe support a weak dollar, including:

  • Valuations suggest that a swath of international currencies are trading at substantial discounts, especially in emerging markets (EM), meaning that they may have more room to strengthen compared to the dollar.1
  • The Federal Reserve remains firmly in  monetary easing mode, which means the path of least resistance seems to be downward for the US currency. If quantitative easing (QE) represents a choice between the economy and  the “greenback,” the Fed has opted to save growth and jobs by opening the spigots and inflating the monetary base at the expense of the currency. From a long-term perspective, I think it’s reasonable to expect the US dollar to weaken further should the Fed keep such an abundant supply of currency in circulation.
  • The deep economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic has necessitated counter-cyclical government support to an unprecedented degree. In turn, ballooning twin deficits have become stiff fundamental headwinds for the US dollar. Why? When the US spends more than it earns, it floods the global financial system with US dollars, placing downward pressure on the value of its currency.

My recent chartbook – Seven reasons for a weaker US dollar and stronger international stocks – takes a deeper dive into these factors, as well as other reasons why I believe we may only be halfway through the current weak US dollar cycle.

Investment implications

In a global context, currency dynamics are an important component of investors’ total returns. For example, EM currency strength (the flipside of US dollar weakness) has boosted dollar-based investors’ returns on EM stocks (priced in US dollars).

Why have EM stocks moved in the same direction as their currencies? It’s a virtuous, self-reinforcing “flow” argument. Before foreign capital can flow into EM stocks, foreign currency-denominated assets must be sold in exchange for EM currencies.

Apparently, improving fundamentals versus 2015/16 have made the emerging market economies a more attractive destination for foreign capital, and the Fed’s dovishness is helping the situation.

For investors, this isn’t just an EM story. It’s a bigger message — one that I believe has positive ramifications for international stocks more broadly.

1 Source: OECD, Invesco, 12/31/19. Most recent data available. Valuations based on purchasing power parities (PPPs): the rates of currency conversion that try to equalize the purchasing power of different currencies by eliminating the differences in price levels between countries.

2 Source: Bloomberg L.P., Invesco, 11/30/20, based on the MSCI Emerging Market Index and the MSCI Emerging Market Currency Index

Important Information

Blog header image: Victor Deschamps / Stocksy

Quantitative easing (QE) is a monetary policy used by central banks to stimulate the economy when standard monetary policy has become ineffective.

The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers, including emerging market issuers, can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, political and economic instability, and foreign taxation issues.

The Trade Weighted US Dollar Index: Advanced Foreign Economies (AFE), Goods and Services is a weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the US dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that are advanced foreign economies.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is designed to measure large and mid market capitalization stocks in the emerging markets.

The MSCI Emerging Market Currency in USD measures the total return of 25 emerging market currencies relative to the US Dollar where the weight of each currency is equal to its country weight in the MSCI Emerging Markets Index.

The opinions referenced above are those of the author as of Jan. 19, 2021. These comments should not be construed as recommendations, but as an illustration of broader themes. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions; there can be no assurance that actual results will not differ materially from expectations.

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Economics

Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge

Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge
PR Newswire
NEW YORK, July 3, 2022

Over 200 Forbes 2000 companies rely on our actionable insightsMore than 100 CPOs…

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Global IT Consulting Sourcing and Procurement Report with Pandemic Impact Analysis, Supplier Evaluation and Price Trends | SpendEdge

PR Newswire

  • Over 200 Forbes 2000 companies rely on our actionable insights
  • More than 100 CPOs and 500 category managers use our insights daily
  • SpendEdge has the fastest growth rate in number of reports and client base

NEW YORK, July 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The IT Consulting market size is expected to grow by USD 131.35 Billion by 2025, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.19% during the forecast period. To know more about this market.

Request For a Free Sample Report

IT Consulting Market Analysis

Analysis of the cost and volume drivers and supply market forecasts in various regions are offered in this IT Consulting research report. This market intelligence report also analyzes the top supply markets, market opportunities, challenges and the critical cost drivers that can aid buyers and suppliers devise a cost-effective category management strategy.

The report provides insights on the following information:

  • Regional spend dynamism and factors impacting costs
  • The total cost of ownership and cost-saving opportunities
  • Supply chain margins and pricing models
  • Competitiveness index for suppliers
  • Market favorability index for suppliers
  • Supplier and buyer KPIs

Get detailed insights on the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and recovery analysis of IT Consulting Market

www.spendedge.com/report/it-consulting-services-market-procurement-research-report

Related Reports on Professional Services Market:

Detect blind spots in your revenue decisions by analyzing interconnected unknowns around the "IT Consulting Market."

Report Metrics

Details

Base year considered

2021

Forecast period

2021 - 2025

Forecast units

USD Billion

Geographies covered

North America, South America, Europe, Middle East and Africa, and APAC

Leading IT Consulting suppliers

Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd., PricewaterhouseCoopers International Ltd., and Ernst & Young Global Ltd.

Top Pricing Models

Flat-fee model, hourly rate model, and cost-plus model

This procurement report answers help buyers identify and shortlist the most suitable suppliers for their IT Consulting Market requirements following questions:

  • Am I engaging with the right suppliers?
  • Which KPIs should I use to evaluate my incumbent suppliers?
  • Which supplier selection criteria are relevant for?
  • What are the workplace computing devices category essentials in terms of SLAs and RFx?

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Market Insights
  • Category Pricing Insights
  • Cost-saving Opportunities
  • Best Practices
  • Category Ecosystem
  • Category Management Strategy
  • Category Management Enablers
  • Suppliers Selection
  • Suppliers under Coverage
  • US Market Insights
  • Category scope

Appendix

About SpendEdge:

SpendEdge shares your passion for driving sourcing and procurement excellence. We are the preferred procurement market intelligence partner for 120+ Fortune 500 firms and other leading companies across numerous industries. Our strength lies in delivering robust, real-time procurement market intelligence reports and solutions.

Contact
SpendEdge
Anirban Choudhury
Marketing Manager
Ph No: +1 (872) 206-9340 
https://www.spendedge.com/contact-us

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SOURCE SpendEdge

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Spread & Containment

Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

There are a number of factors that determine how much a region’s population…

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Visualizing A Decade Of Population Growth And Decline In US Counties

There are a number of factors that determine how much a region’s population changes.

If an area sees a high number of migrants, along with a strong birth rate and low death rate, then its population is bound to increase over time. On the flip side, as Visual Capitalists Nick Routley details below, if more people are leaving the area than coming in, and the region’s birth rate is low, then its population will likely decline.

Which areas in the United States are seeing the most growth, and which places are seeing their populations dwindle?

This map, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, shows a decade of population movement across U.S. counties, painting a detailed picture of U.S. population growth between 2010 and 2020.

Counties With The Biggest Population Growth from 2010-2020

To calculate population estimates for each county, the U.S. Census Bureau does the following calculations:

      A county’s base population → plus births → minus deaths → plus migration = new population estimate

From 2010 to 2020, Maricopa County in Arizona saw the highest increase in its population estimate. Over a decade, the county gained 753,898 residents. Below are the counties that saw the biggest increases in population:

Phoenix and surrounding areas grew faster than any other major city in the country. The region’s sunny climate and amenities are popular with retirees, but another draw is housing affordability. Families from more expensive markets—California in particular—are moving to the city in droves. This is a trend that spilled over into the pandemic era as more people moved into remote and hybrid work situations.

Texas counties saw a lot of growth as well, with five of the top 10 gainers located in the state of Texas. A big draw for Texas is its relatively affordable housing market. In 2021, average home prices in the state stood at $172,500$53,310 below the national average.

Counties With The Biggest Population Drops from 2010-2020

On the opposite end of the spectrum, here’s a look at the top 10 counties that saw the biggest declines in their populations over the decade:

The largest drops happened in counties along the Great Lakes, including Cook County (which includes the city of Chicago) and Wayne County (which includes the city of Detroit).

For many of these counties, particularly those in America’s “Rust Belt”, population drops over this period were a continuation of decades-long trends. Wayne County is an extreme example of this trend. From 1970 to 2020, the area lost one-third of its population.

U.S. Population Growth in Percentage Terms (2010-2020)

While the map above is great at showing where the greatest number of Americans migrated, it downplays big changes in counties with smaller populations.

For example, McKenzie County in North Dakota, with a 2020 population of just 15,242, was the fastest-growing U.S. county over the past decade. The county’s 138% increase was driven primarily by the Bakken oil boom in the area. High-growth counties in Texas also grew as new sources of energy were extracted in rural areas.

The nation’s counties are evenly divided between population increase and decline, and clear patterns emerge.

Pandemic Population Changes

More recent population changes reflect longer-term trends. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many of the counties that saw the strongest population increases were located in high-growth states like Florida and Texas.

Below are the 20 counties that grew the most from 2020 to 2021.

Many of these counties are located next to large cities, reflecting a shift to the suburbs and larger living spaces. However, as COVID-19 restrictions ease, and the pandemic housing boom tapers off due to rising interest rates, it remains to be seen whether the suburban shift will continue, or if people begin to migrate back to city centers.

Tyler Durden Sat, 07/02/2022 - 21:00

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Economics

The Best Cities to Buy a Starter Home

Competition for starter homes is intense. What’s a buyer to do? Look to these cities to break into the real estate market.

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Competition for starter homes is intense. What's a buyer to do? Look to these cities to break into the real estate market.

Who wants to buy a home? A lot more people than there are homes to buy, and the outlook for first-time buyers is particularly grim.

About 26 million Americans plan to buy a home in the next 12 months, but just 5-6 million homes were sold in each of the past five years, according to a NerdWallet survey conducted in December 2021.

Millennials, aged about 26-41 years, are the largest group trying to buy homes, about 37%, according to the National Association of Realtors, and first-time buyers made up 31% of all home buyers. The supply of starter homes decreased by more than half from 2017-2021, according to an analysis by Realtor.com, which defined starters as single-family homes, condos, and townhomes under 1,850 square feet.

While median monthly asking rent in the U.S. surpassed $2,000 in May, the national median sale price topped $431,000, according to Redfin data.

And it’s not just low inventory and high prices, the competition is fierce for first-time homebuyers. Urban renters headed for the suburbs during the pandemic to compete for those entry-level homes, baby boomers looking to downsize also go after smaller properties, and to make matters worse, first-time home buyers must compete with investors who pay cash to fix and flip homes. These cash-rich flippers now make up about 10% of homebuyers

Lastly, builders have largely been unable to offset the decline in starter homes.

For the house hunter who still has the moxie to try, turn to this list of cheapest cities to buy a home. To find the cheapest places for homebuyers and the best places for starter homes, StorageCafe, an online platform that provides storage unit listings across the nation, looked at data from 108 U.S. cities with populations ranging from 90,000 to 8 million. The metrics include property values, number of sales between 2015 and 2021, housing affordability, cost of living, unemployment rate, homebuyers’ ages, the ratio of renters to owners, income levels, FHA lending limits and average mortgage rates. They scored each city on these metrics then ranked them based on their potential with regard to starter homes.

Here are the best cities for first-time homebuyers:

1. Fort Wayne, Ind.

  • Median property value: $113,144
  • Cost of living index: 87
  • Homebuyers' age: 35
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

The analysis used average mortgage rates from 2021, and rates have since gone up, hovering near 6% in June, but last year's rates might still give you a sense of where rates tend to be lower.

2. Columbia Md.

  • Median property value: $264,055
  • Cost of living index:106
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

3. Pittsburgh

  • Median property value: $170,042
  • Cost of living index:104
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.03%

Shutterstock

4. Fishers, Ind.

  • Median property value: $258,679
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

5. Columbus, Ohio

  • Median property value: $164,229
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.16%

aceshot1 / Shutterstock

6. Carmel, Ind.

  • Median property value: $244,670
  • Cost of living index: 104
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.01%

7. St. Paul, Minn.

  • Median property value: $286,151
  • Cost of living index: 92
  • Homebuyers' age: 38
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.14%

8. Cary, N.C.

  • Median property value: $308,611
  • Cost of living index: 94
  • Homebuyers' age: 43
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

9. Manchester, N.H.

  • Median property value: $276,257
  • Cost of living index: 111
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.03%

10. Minneapolis

  • Median property value: $288,926
  • Cost of living index: 105
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.01%

11. Nashville, Tenn.

  • Median property value: $318,046
  • Cost of living index: 93
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

f11photo / Shutterstock

12. Bakersfield, Calif.

  • Median property value: $216,063
  • Cost of living index: 102
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.04%

13. Arvada, Colo.

  • Median property value: $476,672
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

14. Alexandria, Va.

  • Median property value: $432,703
  • Cost of living index: 137
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 2.99%

Shutterstock

15. Centennial, Colo.

  • Median property value: $444,747
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

16. Denver

  • Median property value: $505,777
  • Cost of living index: 113
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

17. Raleigh, N.C.

  • Median property value: $279,304
  • Cost of living index: 94
  • Homebuyers' age: 43
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.02%

18. Germantown, Md.

  • Median property value: $261,511
  • Cost of living index: 157
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

19. St. Petersburg, Fla.

  • Median property value: $283,684
  • Cost of living index: 96
  • Homebuyers' age: 53
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

20. Lakewood, Colo.

  • Median property value: $380,165
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

21. Aurora, Colo.

  • Median property value: $360,542
  • Cost of living index: 114
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.00%

22. Boca Raton, Fla.

  • Median property value: $280,104
  • Cost of living index: 116
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

23. Modesto, Calif.

  • Median property value: $319,328
  • Cost of living index: 119
  • Homebuyers' age: 39
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.04%

Shutterstock

24. Chandler, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $388,450
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

Shutterstock

25. Las Vegas

  • Median property value: $265,170
  • Cost of living index: 107
  • Homebuyers' age: 50
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.11%

26. Washington, D.C.

  • Median property value: $623,135
  • Cost of living index: 157
  • Homebuyers' age: 40
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 4.90%

27. Scottsdale, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $478,609
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

28. Spokane, Wash.

  • Median property value: $300,881
  • Cost of living index: 107
  • Homebuyers' age: 44
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.06%

29. Peoria, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $373,588
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

30. Gilbert, Ariz.

  • Median property value: $409,324
  • Cost of living index: 103
  • Homebuyers' age: 51
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.12%

31. Portland, Ore.

  • Median property value: $484,475
  • Cost of living index: 132
  • Homebuyers' age: 44
  • 2021 average mortgage rate: 3.08%

Check out how all 108 cities ranked and see the methodology for this study at StorageCafe.com

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