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TechCrunch+ roundup: LatAm startup strength, global chip shortage, Visa Bulletin update

The Dobbs decision affected more than healthcare and privacy:will capital and talent flee U.S. states that restrict reproductive rights?
TechCrunch+ roundup:…



“You had one job” might be funny when a birthday cake decoration goes wrong, but if we’re talking about executives who don’t show up for board meetings, the stakes are much higher.

“Disengaged or dysfunctional boards aren’t just bad for CEOs and LPs; they’re bad for everyone,” writes Matt Blumberg, co-founder and CEO of Bolster, a realization that spurred him to revise meeting formats to include follow-up surveys and additional outreach.

“That is a lot of moving pieces to manage, but I find that doing so keeps the meeting fresh and well-paced.”

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Use discount code TCPLUSROUNDUP to save 20% off a one- or two-year subscription

Many entrepreneurs view board meetings as hurdles to avoid or overcome, which is unfortunate. Well-run sessions are legitimate opportunities to discuss challenges and ask for help when needed.

Example: no one wants to read slides in a board meeting, so distribute material well in advance and ask your attendees to submit questions via email. A board meeting should be a working session, not a monologue.

To promote engagement and diversity, Blumberg recommends adding one independent director for each investor board seat and reserving a single spot for a founder or team member.

“There’s no question that running an effective board, or serving as an effective director, takes serious time, energy and diligence,” he says. “But that’s no reason not to try.”

Thanks very much for reading,

Walter Thompson
Editorial Manager, TechCrunch+

Today: Q&A with Silicon Valley immigration attorney Sophie Alcorn

Image Credits: Joanna Buniak / Sophie Alcorn (opens in a new window)

I’m hosting a Twitter Space today at 10 a.m. PT/1 p.m. ET with immigration attorney and TC+ columnist Sophie Alcorn.

If you’re trying to navigate the byzantine U.S. immigration process — or if you know someone who is — please join the conversation and bring your questions.

8 investors discuss what’s ahead for reproductive health startups in a post-Roe world

Woman symbols posters

TechCrunch+ asked investors their thoughts regarding the state of venture in a Post-Roe world.

Dominic-Madori Davis surveyed eight investors about the role venture capital might play in this new era where Americans no longer have the legal right to obtain an abortion.

The Supreme Court’s Dobbs decision affected more than health care and personal privacy: Will capital and talent flee U.S. states that restrict reproductive rights? Will investors back more startups that expand healthcare?

Given “the tenuous relationship between venture money and ethics,” Dominic-Madori asked the group how they plan to exert influence — and how they prefer to be approached by entrepreneurs:

  • Hessie Jones, partner, MATR Ventures
  • Lisa Calhoun, Gary Peat and William Leonard, Valor Ventures
  • Mecca Tartt, executive director, Startup Runway
  • Ed Zimmerman, founding partner, First Close Partners
  • Theodora Lau, founder, Unconventional Ventures
  • McKeever Conwell, founder, RareBreed Ventures

Pitch Deck Teardown: Party Round’s $7M, er, party round deck

In November 2021, Party Round, a startup that aims to help automate seed-stage fundraising, used its own platform to raise $7 million.

Its founders recently shared its unredacted 10-slide pitch deck with us so TC+ members can see what worked:

  • Cover
  • Slogan
  • Solution
  • Value proposition
  • Product
  • Competitive advantages
  • “Why now?”
  • Mission
  • Team
  • Closing

Dear Sophie: My EB-2 priority date will be delayed 2 years! What should I do?

lone figure at entrance to maze hedge that has an American flag at the center

Image Credits: Bryce Durbin/TechCrunch

In her latest column, Sophie Alcorn answered questions about green cards in the EB-1A category for extraordinary ability and multinational managers, EB-2 NIW and with PERM, as well as EB-3 for professionals:

Dear Sophie,

I was so close! My priority date for my EB-2 application to register permanent residence was just nine days from the date listed in the September 2022 Visa Bulletin, but now the date in the October 2022 Visa Bulletin has gone back more than two years!

I’m a software engineer and wanted to get my green card before I change jobs, but now I’m reconsidering my path. The only thing holding me back is I’ve heard that employees will be fined if they leave their employer before they actually get the green card.

What’s your advice?

— Bumped by the Bulletin

Dear Sophie,

I’m currently on an L-1B, and my employer sponsored me for an EB-3 green card. I only have a year left on my L-1B, so my employer entered me in the H-1B lottery, and I was selected!

Will I still retain my EB-3 priority date if I switch to the H-1B?

— Engaged Employee

Dear Sophie,

I am an author and a motivational speaker, and am 60 years young. Can I apply for an EB-1A green card?

— Successful Speaker

In Latin America, founders and investors seek to balance caution and optimism

Hand holding snapshot of tree in bloom against the same tree in winter with no leaves; latin america cautious optimism

Image Credits: Thomas Jackson (opens in a new window) / Getty Images

If valuations are your yardstick, Latin America’s startup ecosystem reached maturity a short while ago.

“Marking a long-awaited inflection point,” the region’s first unicorns appeared in the last five years, according to Julio Vasconcellos, managing partner at VC firm Atlantico.

In his third yearly TC+ report, Vasconcellos compares LatAm’s recent gains in sectors like telemedicine, grocery delivery and fintech to the U.S., where “market darlings of the pandemic period… have been forced to reduce headcount as usage levels revert to the pre-pandemic historical trend line.”

What the CHIPS and Science Act means for the future of the semiconductor industry

Potato chips pattern over pink background, hard light with shadows. Unhealthy junk food concept.

Image Credits: Anna Blazhuk (opens in a new window) / Getty Images

For more than two years, the global semiconductor supply chain has been stretched to its limits.

There’s no single cause: extreme weather, COVID-19, a protracted trade war between the U.S. and China, and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine are just a few contributing factors, not to mention soaring demand for cryptocurrency mining.

The U.S. only accounts for 12% of global semiconductor production, but the recent passage of The CHIPS and Science Act of 2022 will free up $52.7 billion in subsidies for domestic workforce development, R&D, and manufacturing.

“The CHIPS Act seems like a green light for domestic manufacturing,” says Simon Butler of Perforce Software.

“However, a presidential executive order published earlier in the year may be a stumbling block for semiconductor design shops eager to serve national security projects.”

TechCrunch+ roundup: LatAm startup strength, global chip shortage, Visa Bulletin update by Walter Thompson originally published on TechCrunch

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Crypto synthetic assets, explained

A synthetic asset represents real-world assets digitally, created and traded on blockchain networks, mirroring the value and behavior of its underlying…



A synthetic asset represents real-world assets digitally, created and traded on blockchain networks, mirroring the value and behavior of its underlying counterpart.

What are crypto synthetic assets?

Blockchain-based financial instruments called crypto synthetic assets imitate the value and behavior of actual assets or financial instruments.

Crypto synthetic assets, also known as “synthetic assets,” are a class of digital financial instruments created to mimic the value and performance of actual financial assets or assets from the real world, such as stocks, commodities, currencies, or even other cryptocurrencies, without actually owning the underlying assets. 

These artificial assets are produced using complex financial derivatives and smart contracts on blockchain platforms, mainly in decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystems. The ability to create decentralized smart contracts on blockchain systems like Ethereum, use collateral to secure value, track target asset prices precisely and create flexible leveraged or derivative products are important characteristics of crypto synthetic assets. 

DeFi customers now have access to a wider range of financial markets and assets, which lessens their reliance on conventional intermediaries. Users should take caution, though, as these instruments add complexity and risk, necessitating a thorough knowledge of their underlying workings and effects on investing strategies

Traditional vs. crypto synthetic assets

Traditional assets are tangible or monetary items like stocks, bonds and commodities exchanged on established financial markets. In contrast, crypto synthetic assets are digital representations built on blockchain technology and intended to resemble the value and performance of these conventional assets. 

The fundamental distinction between traditional and crypto synthetic assets is that traditional assets are physical or paper-based, whereas crypto synthetic assets only exist in digital form on blockchain networks. While crypto synthetics have advantages over traditional assets in terms of accessibility, liquidity and programmability, they also come with unique risks and complexities.

Traditional assets vs. Crypto synthetic assets

Types of crypto synthetic assets

Crypto synthetic assets come in various forms, like synthetic stablecoins, tokenized commodities and equities, leveraged and inverse tokens, and yield-bearing synthetic assets.

Synthetic stablecoins 

Digital tokens known as synthetic stablecoins are intended to mimic the value and stability of fiat money, such as the United States dollar or the euro. They give people a mechanism to exchange goods and services and store value in the cryptocurrency ecosystem without experiencing the volatility of cryptocurrencies.

One example of a synthetic stablecoin is sUSD, which is developed on the Synthetix platform. It aims to provide users with access to a stable form of digital cash that matches the value of the U.S. dollar.

Tokenized commodities and equities

Commodities and stocks that have been tokenized serve as digital representations of real-world assets like gold, oil, stocks and other commodities on blockchain networks. These synthetic assets allow for the decentralized fractional ownership and exchange of conventional assets.

An example of a synthetic asset that tracks the price of crude oil is sOIL, which is also developed on the Synthetix platform. Without really holding any oil, it enables investors to become more exposed to changes in the price.

Leveraged and inverse tokens

Synthetic assets, known as leveraged and inverse tokens, are developed to amplify or counteract the price changes of an underlying asset — inverse tokens profit when the underlying asset’s price decreases, while leveraged tokens magnify profits and losses.

For instance, BTC3L (Binance Leveraged Tokens) seeks to produce daily returns that are three times higher than the price of Bitcoin (BTC). BTC3L should climb by 3% if Bitcoin increases by 1%.

Yield-bearing synthetic assets

Within the DeFi ecosystem, yield-bearing synthetic assets give holders returns through staking or lending, providing a chance to generate passive income.

An example of a synthetic asset is cDAI, developed by the Compound protocol. Dai (DAI) stablecoins can be given to participate in lending operations on the Compound platform and earn interest. Since cDAI accrues interest to holders over time, it qualifies as a yield-bearing synthetic asset.

Applications of crypto synthetic assets

Crypto synthetic assets can be utilized by traders seeking increased profits, investors diversifying their holdings or DeFi aficionados engaged in yield farming.

Trading and investing opportunities

Crypto synthetic assets offer a gateway to a variety of trading and investment opportunities. They enable traders to engage in leveraged trading, increasing their exposure to market fluctuations and potentially generating bigger returns (or losses) than they could from more conventional trading. 

Additionally, synthetic assets cover a wide range of underlying assets inside the crypto ecosystem, including stocks and commodities, giving investors a straightforward way to diversify their portfolios.

Yield farming and liquidity provision

Users who stake cryptographic synthetic assets in DeFi protocols can engage in yield farming, earning incentives in the form of extra synthetic assets or governance tokens for actively participating in liquidity provision and DeFi operations. 

Synthetic assets also significantly increase liquidity pools and DeFi platforms’ overall liquidity, which is essential for facilitating effective trading, lending and borrowing within the DeFi ecosystem.

Risk management and hedging strategies

Synthetic assets provide strong risk management tools and hedging possibilities. Traders and investors can use inverse synthetic assets as efficient hedges to protect their portfolios from declines in the underlying assets. 

Synthetic stablecoins also offer a decentralized alternative to conventional stablecoins, protecting the value of assets in the face of the market’s inherent volatility.

Role of DeFi in the creation and trading of synthetic assets

By enabling users to create, trade and diversify their portfolios with synthetic assets, DeFi democratizes finance by upending established financial systems and boosting financial inclusion worldwide.

The development and trade of synthetic assets are fundamental to changing the conventional financial environment, and DeFi is a key player in this process. DeFi platforms revolutionize how we interact with financial instruments by utilizing blockchain technology and smart contracts to make the creation, issue and trading of synthetic assets straightforward.

First, DeFi eliminates the need for intermediaries, improving accessibility and productivity. Users can issue tokens that replicate the value of real-world assets, such as equities, commodities and fiat currencies, by collateralizing cryptocurrencies.

Second, DeFi’s open and permissionless design encourages innovation by allowing programmers to test different synthetic asset designs and trading strategies. By providing consumers with 24/7 access to a wide variety of assets, this innovation has democratized access to international markets.

DeFi platforms also offer liquidity pools where users can easily trade synthetic assets. These systems promote yield farming by rewarding users for donating money and participating in the ecosystem.

Advantages of crypto synthetic assets

Crypto synthetic assets provide a rich tapestry of advantages, including diversification, leverage, DeFi engagement, liquidity augmentation and risk mitigation.

Cryptographic synthetic assets offer many benefits for the digital finance space. The ability to provide access to a variety of assets, including traditional stocks, commodities and currencies, is the most important of these advantages because it enables users to seamlessly diversify their portfolios within the cryptocurrency space, reducing risk and improving investment strategies.

These assets also open the door to leverage, allowing traders to increase their exposure to asset price volatility and perhaps generate higher returns. They play a crucial role in DeFi, enabling users to participate actively in yield farming and liquidity provision and earning rewards for doing so.

Additionally, synthetic assets provide the foundation for liquidity pools, boosting the overall liquidity of DeFi platforms — a crucial component for enabling effective trading and lending activities. These resources also serve as essential risk management tools, giving consumers the skills they need to protect their investments against erratic price fluctuations.

Challenges and Risks concerned with synthetic assets

While synthetic assets present novel opportunities and solutions, they are not without difficulties and hazards, such as smart contract weaknesses, liquidity issues, the unpredictability of regulations and oracle-related problems.

The use of synthetic assets in the crypto and blockchain industries comes with a number of risks and issues that need to be carefully considered. The possibility of smart contract flaws or exploits, which might lead to significant losses, is one of the main worries. For instance, in the infamous DAO attack of 2016, a smart contract vulnerability resulted in the theft of about $50 million worth of Ether (ETH), highlighting the risks posed by these complex financial instruments.

Another issue is market liquidity, as some synthetic assets may have less of it than their counterparts in the real world. This could result in price manipulation or slippage during trading, which would affect the stability of the market as a whole. 

Furthermore, regulatory oversight continues to be a serious concern as governments throughout the world struggle to define and control these unique financial products. The continuing legal disputes and regulatory changes involving stablecoins like Tether (USDT) provide an example of the possible legal difficulties that synthetic assets may encounter.

Finally, over-reliance on oracle systems, which provide smart contracts access to real-world data, creates security risks. For instance, if an oracle is compromised, it may offer erroneous data, which may impact the utility and value of artificial assets that rely on it.

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JetBlue may force American and Southwest to offer free WiFi

Airlines love extra fees, even Southwest which doesn’t charge for as many things as some of its rivals.



Airlines have made fees a major part of their business model. Aside from Southwest Airlines, which never charges for baggage, most airlines charge extra for checked bags for their most basic fares.

That's another trick the JetBlue, American, and United Airlines (UAL) - Get Free Report love to use as well. They sell all sorts of levels of fares where "Basic Economy" barely gets you on board, while higher-level tiers come with seat assignments, carry-on bags, and even checked bags. 

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Having different ticket levels is really just another way to add fees without calling them fees. It generally costs less to buy a higher-tiered ticket than it does to purchase seat assignments, bags, and other perks on an a la carte basis.

Sometimes, when one airline makes a pricing change, it forces its rivals to do the same. That's not always the case, however, as Southwest Airlines (LUV) - Get Free Report offers free checked bags at every level of ticket the airline sells. 

That's a major giveback to passengers, as the airlines still generally offer cheaper tickets than United, American, and other carriers considered "full fare." Still, while you would think a major airline dropping a key fee would lead to others doing the same, that has not been the case.

JetBlue has offered a major free perk for almost a decade. Delta Airlines followed and will have the same offer in place on all its domestic flights by the end of the year (with international following by the end of 2024).

A second airline making the move and offering free WiFi could push American, United, and Southwest to do the same.

The Arena Media Brands, LLC and respective content providers to this website may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website.

JetBlue has offered free WiFi since 2013.

Image source: Shutterstock

United Airlines inches closer to free WiFi.      

United Airlines said back in 2019 during an earnings call that it hoped to build up its technology to the point where it had the bandwidth to offer WiFi for free. Now, almost four years later, the airline has been spotted testing free internet service on select flights.

"Looks like United is slowly dipping its toes in trialing out complimentary WiFi?," @iTripReport shared on X, formerly known as Twitter.

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United making the move would almost certainly force every other major non-discount airline to at least consider making WiFi for free.

"Meanwhile, American Airlines has the bandwidth and charges more for it than anyone else in the industry. They promised free inflight messaging at their Media Day in 2017 and then quietly reneged," View From the Wing's Gary Leff wrote.

Southwest Airlines has gone in the other direction

While Southwest Airlines has marketed itself as the airline that does not charge a lot of hidden fees, that has not been the case with its WiFi. Early this year, the airline made a quiet change that many customers were outraged by.

The airline used to charge $8 for internet, which included all flight segments. In February, however, the airline changed to charging $8 per flight segment. That means that passengers who already have the inconvenience of having to make a connection now also have to pay for WiFi multiple times if they want to stay connected. 

Southwest tried to justify the move at the time.

"In addition to upgrading our current fleet equipped with our legacy provider, Anuvu, we’re introducing an additional internet provider, Viasat, which will provide WiFi hardware on new aircraft in early March. With two vendors providing connectivity in our fleet, we’re introducing a new pricing model for onboard internet," the airline shared.

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Southwest does offer customers free text messaging as well as a number of live television channels which do not cost extra.  


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Here’s when to avoid shopping at Costco

The warehouse club makes getting low prices easy, but that does not mean members can’t do things to make the experience yet easier.



Costco generally makes shopping pretty easy for members. 

The chain offers weekly deals and specials, but for the most part, on most staples and recurring household items you know you're getting a good price no matter when you shop. 

Prices change, but because the warehouse club has massive buying power with its vendors, most pricing remains consistent for weeks or months at a time.

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When you pay $60 for a standard Gold Membership, you get access to the chain's warehouse club. In exchange for that fee, Costco (COST) - Get Free Report has been vigilant about keeping prices down. Chief Financial Officer Richard Galanti elaborated on this point during the chain's third-quarter-earnings call.

"At the end of the day, if margins year over year were down 50 or 100 basis points [0.5 or 1 percentage point] back then, that implies that some portion of it, maybe instead of an 8% or 9% increase, our members were seeing a 6% or 7% or 8% increase," he said. 

"Whatever that was, we felt that we were doing as good a job as anyone out there given the item nature of our business to lower prices for our members and hopefully drive sales." 

Basically, Costco has shown itself willing to make less money in order to sell items cheaper than its rivals. That's true no matter when you visit the chain, but still there are important reasons that you might want to visit at certain times instead of others.

Costco members know they are getting good prices.

Image source: Brooks Kraft LLC/Corbis via Getty Images

Costco has a worst time to shop

For many Costco members, a visit to one of the chain's warehouse is at least partly about entertainment. 

You might enter with a shopping list, but there's also the treasure hunt aspect of the chain where you never know what you might find at an amazing price. Costco also offers free samples, which for many shoppers add a layer of fun to a visit.

There's one clear time, however, when social media warn people not to visit Costco, according to TheStreet's sister publication Parade.

"There is no greater sensory hell than Sunday morning Costco," wrote u/motherconnoisseur in the Costco subreddit. "I'm still gonna brave the masses for that sweet, sweet $5 rotisserie chicken, though."

That's backed up by countless other posts on Reddit, although one poster did note that the problem is not unique to Costco.

"Sundays are the worst day to hit the grocery store, too — whole families blocking aisles [and] long lines. I stay away."

Costco explains how it keeps prices down

While Sunday mornings, and weekends in general, are busy times at Costco, the chain's buyers work ever day to keep prices down.

"I just know that our merchants and Craig and Ron and Claudine [Adamo], our head of merchandising, are pushing the buyers each day to do that and figuring out how can we take the monies that we get, any types of monies, from the vendors that can be used to drive business," Galanti shared.

The CFO said that Costco buyers have some advantages over their counterparts at rival chains.

"I think it's easier for us, on the one hand, that we do a lot of volume on a fewer items. We have buyers that literally are managing a couple of dozen items, not 200 items," he said. 

Costco will also do its pricing part.

"We're going to invest a little on price. How much are you willing to invest in price? So it's a partnership," the executive said. 

"And I think we are in a better position to do that simply because, if you take our $230 billion or $240 billion in sales and divide it by 3,800 SKUs, it's a lot more pricing power per SKU and a lot more focus on an item-by-item basis. So that's what we do."



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