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Economics

Six styles of high yield bond ETFs

By Karen Schenone, Head of US iShares Fixed Income Strategy at BlackRock.
Learn how iShares high yield bond ETFs can help generate income in a low rate environment.
The post Six styles of high yield bond ETFs first appeared on ETF Strategy.

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By Karen Schenone, Head of US iShares Fixed Income Strategy at BlackRock.

Six styles of high yield bond ETFs

Six styles of high yield bond ETFs

Coronavirus worries injected sudden market volatility into global financial markets and prompted the most jarring asset price swings since the great financial crisis.

In response, global central banks engaged in a variety of actions to provide stimulus to the economy to soften the impact of COVID-19, including the Federal Reserve reducing its policy interest rate to near zero to lower the cost of credit and improve liquidity for borrowers.

For savers, a low-rate environment means it is increasingly difficult to generate returns on bonds that overcome inflation. Consider that the consumer price index is 1.2% year-over-year, but the Fed funds target rate is 0-0.25%, down from 2.25-2.50% as recently as July 2019.

The BlackRock Investment Institute (BII) recently endorsed high yield bonds in 2021 for income-seeking investors. Higher-yielding bonds can help investors reach their fixed income goals, and this article walks through many of the questions I get often about how yield bond ETFs can fit into income-seeking portfolios.

Source: BlackRock.

Source: BlackRock.

Role of fixed income in a portfolio

For starters, there are three primary roles that bond ETFs can play in a portfolio.

  • Income: Bonds can be used for income, which in today’s market can help investors add credit risk to boost yield. Corporate bonds generally pay a yield above government bonds. The extra yield premium varies based on a corporate issuer’s credit risk, time to maturity, and overall market conditions.
  • Capital preservation: Bond prices tend to not fluctuate as much as stock prices and lower duration bonds can help preserve investors’ savings. If you are more concerned about return-of-capital rather than return-on-capital, then it’s best to stick to bonds with shorter maturities.
  • Equity market diversification: Government bonds and investment-grade securities tend to benefit from a flight-to-quality when the stock market declines. While these bonds yield less than below investment grade bonds, they have low correlations to the stock markets and can help balance out overall portfolio returns over time.
Source: BlackRock.

Source: BlackRock.

Investors generally need to balance out these competing roles in the portfolio to meet goals, since no single bond or bond fund can meet all these objectives. More fixed income-heavy portfolios (less than 30% stocks) will need more income to meet return objectives, while more stock-heavy portfolios (70-80% stocks) should have higher quality bonds to diversify equities. The world of ultra-low rates means that all types of investors are increasingly reliant on income to generate total return.

Different ways to invest in high yield bond markets

The first-ever high yield bond ETF, the iShares iBoxx $ Liquid High Yield Bond ETF (HYG US), was launched in 2007 as a liquid way to track the high yield market. Ten years later, the iShares Broad USD High Yield Bond ETF (USHY US) launched to track an even broader high yield index. Today investors have a choice with 17 iShares high yield bond ETFs that are designed to create customized income portfolios.

Each of the iShares high yield bond ETFs is a bit different, and below are some of the approaches they take to help investors reach their goals:

  • Income with capital preservation: iShares 0-5 Year Corporate Bond ETF (SHYG US) tracks an index tied to the shorter-maturity part of the market. Additionally, its index will remove bonds when they fall below $60, which is a widely considered metric of distress. Removing these types of bonds can potentially reduce losses during a credit cycle.
  • Higher-quality high yield: iShares BB Rated Corporate Bond ETF (HYBB US) invests in the BB-rated high yield corporate bond market, those just below the “investment grade” dividing line. This ETF will not have exposure to the lower-rated bonds (B-rated and below) that are more likely to default.
  • Fallen angels: iShares Fallen Angels USD Bond ETF (FALN US) offers exposure to fallen angels, bonds that are originally investment grade that get downgraded to high yield. Fallen angels tend to outperform the broad high yield market over time. These bonds also tend to get upgraded more often and have a longer duration than the new issue high yield market.
  • Sustainable high yield: iShares ESG Advanced High Yield Corporate Bond ETF (HYXF US) invests in high yield bonds from issuers with higher ESG ratings, while extensively screening out controversial industries. Sustainable bond ETFs incorporate sustainability-related considerations, which can provide more insights into fixed income solutions.
  • Term Maturity (iBonds): iShares iBonds ETFs are designed to mature like a bond, trade like a stock, and are diversified like a fund. The High Yield & Income iBonds, with maturities from 2021 – 2026, invest in bonds that provide high income and mature in a specific calendar year. Visit the iBonds Ladder Tool to start building a high yield bond ladder.

Summing it up

The BlackRock Investment Institute expects interest rates to stay low for the foreseeable future as the global economy rebounds from the effects of the pandemic. This market environment complicates the options for yield-seeking investors. iShares ETFs offer myriad approaches for seeking income in an easy-to-trade, on-exchange format.

(The views expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of ETF Strategy.)

The post Six styles of high yield bond ETFs first appeared on ETF Strategy.

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Economics

DryEyeRhythm: A reliable, valid, and non-invasive app to assess dry eye disease

Dry eye disease (DED) is a condition characterized by an array of different symptoms, including dryness, ocular discomfort, fatigue, and visual disturbances….

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Dry eye disease (DED) is a condition characterized by an array of different symptoms, including dryness, ocular discomfort, fatigue, and visual disturbances. This condition has become increasingly common in recent years owing to an aging society, increased screen time, and a highly stressful social environment. There are about 1 billion people, worldwide, who have DED. Undiagnosed and untreated DED can lead to a variety of symptoms, including ocular fatigue, sensitivity to light, lower vision quality, and a lower quality of life. Given the widespread prevalence of the condition, this can further lead to reduced work productivity and economic loss.

Credit: Juntendo University

Dry eye disease (DED) is a condition characterized by an array of different symptoms, including dryness, ocular discomfort, fatigue, and visual disturbances. This condition has become increasingly common in recent years owing to an aging society, increased screen time, and a highly stressful social environment. There are about 1 billion people, worldwide, who have DED. Undiagnosed and untreated DED can lead to a variety of symptoms, including ocular fatigue, sensitivity to light, lower vision quality, and a lower quality of life. Given the widespread prevalence of the condition, this can further lead to reduced work productivity and economic loss.

 

Despite the obvious disadvantages of DED, a large portion of the population remains undiagnosed, which ultimately leads to increased disease severity. DED is currently diagnosed through a series of questionnaires and ocular examinations (which can be invasive). But this method of diagnosis is not ideal. DED examinations do not always correspond with  patients’ subjective DED symptoms. Furthermore, non-invasive and non-contact dry eye examinations are required in the COVID-19 pandemic. These flaws point to a need for a simple, reliable, and accessible screening method for DED to improve diagnosis and prognosis of the disease.

 

To answer this need, a research group, led by Professor Akira Murakami and Associate Professor Takenori Inomata of the Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, developed a smartphone application called DryEyeRhythm. “DryEyeRhythm leverages the cameras in smartphones to measure users’ blink characteristics and determine maximum blink interval (MBI)—a substitute for tear film breakup time, an important diagnostic criterion of DED,” explains Associate Prof. Inomata. “The app also administers Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaires, which are also a crucial component of DED diagnosis.

 

To validate the usefulness of the app, the research team conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, observational, single-center study, the results of which have been published in

The Ocular Surface (available online on 25 April 2022 and published in volume 25 in July 2022).

 

For their study, the team recruited 82 patients, aged 20 years or older, who visited the ophthalmology outpatient clinic at the Juntendo University Hospital between July 2020 and May 2021. The participants completed the Japanese version of the OSDI questionnaire (J-OSDI) and underwent examinations for MBI, both via the app and via other analysis techniques.

 

The study revealed that the J-OSDI collected with DryEyeRhythm showed good internal consistency. Moreover, the app-based questionnaire and MBI yielded significantly higher discriminant validity. The app also showed good positive and negative predictive values, with 91.3% and 69.1%, respectively. The area under the Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve—a measure of clinical sensitivity and specificity—for the concurrent use of the app-based J-OSDI and MBI was also high, with a value of 0.910. These results demonstrate that the app is a reliable, valid, and moreover non-invasive, instrument for assessing DED.

 

Non-contact and non-invasive DED diagnostic assistance, like the kind provided by DryEyeRhythm, could help facilitate the early diagnosis and treatment of patients, as well as, DED treatment through telemedicine and online medical care,” says Associate Prof. Inomata. The research team plans to further validate its results by conducting a multi-institutional collaborative study in the future. They are also planning to obtain medical device approval and insurance reimbursement for the smartphone application.

 

The development of DryEyeRhythm is crucial step forward toward the management of DED and improving vision and quality of life among the population.


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Economics

Global IPO market continues to plummet as Q3 draws to a close

Global IPO market continues to plummet as Q3 draws to a close
PR Newswire
LONDON, Sept. 28, 2022

Global IPO volumes fell 44%, with proceeds down by 57% nine-month YOYUS market is set to record its lowest IPO proceeds since 2003Highest volume of IPO…

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Global IPO market continues to plummet as Q3 draws to a close

PR Newswire

  • Global IPO volumes fell 44%, with proceeds down by 57% nine-month YOY
  • US market is set to record its lowest IPO proceeds since 2003
  • Highest volume of IPOs is in technology and energy sector now leading on proceeds

LONDON, Sept. 28, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Year-to-date (YTD) 2022, there have been a total of 992 IPOs raising US$146b, a 44% and 57% decrease year-over-year (YOY), respectively. This follows the trend for the year in which IPO companies and investors were faced with mounting macroeconomic challenges, market uncertainties, increasing volatility and falling global equity prices. Volatility (CBOE VIX average) increased from 19.7 in 2021 to 25.6 in YTD 2022.

YTD, the technology sector continued to lead by number of IPOs, although the average deal size came down from US$261m to US$123m YOY. While the energy sector overtook by proceeds with the largest increase of 176%, driven largely by three of the global top five deals in YTD 2022, the consumer products sector witnessed the biggest drop in average deal size (69%).

Q3 2022 saw the lowest SPAC IPO proceeds since Q3 2016, along with de-SPACs struggling to find the right targets. The SPAC market was continually challenged this quarter with only 17 deals, raising US$0.9b. A record number of existing SPACs are actively seeking targets, with the majority facing potential expiration in the next year. These and other findings were published today by EY.

Overall regional performance: taking a wait-and-see approach

Major economies and financial markets in the Americas and EMEIA remain under pressure as quantitative tightening kicks into a higher gear.

Americas exchanges saw the sharpest decline, recording only 116 deals raising US$7.5b YTD, a decrease of 94% in proceeds and 72% in volume YOY. In direct contrast to a record-breaking year in 2021, YTD Americas IPO activity sank to its lowest level in 20 years.

YOY, EMEIA IPO activity fell by 50% and 52% by number and proceeds, respectively. Europe dropped 76% in proceeds, but the Middle East continued to be a rare bright spot with a 209% increase in proceeds, despite a 51% decrease in the number of deals.

As the region has been less impacted by inflation and geopolitical issues, Asia-Pacific exchanges have performed relatively better, housing five of the top 10 global IPOs in YTD. YTD it has also contributed 61% and 69% of the global share of IPOs and proceeds, respectively. However, it still registered YOY declines of 25% by deal number and 22% by deal size.

Paul Go, EY Global IPO Leader, says:

"With uncertainties being the IPO market's biggest challenge, companies and investors continue to wait for a more stable and positive stock market sentiment before any sustained appetite for IPO activity re-emerges."

Q4 2022 outlook: icebreakers will pave the way

Soaring inflation and rising interest rates are adversely affecting the global equity market. Geopolitical tensions and the COVID-19 pandemic led to more market uncertainty and volatility. All these factors are bringing headwinds for risk assets as we near the end of 2022.

In the Americas, IPO pipelines are waiting for the market to reopen next year, and in EMEIA, tough market conditions continue to squeeze IPO windows. For APAC, while public filings for IPOs have not picked up, activity remains strong in the background as companies evaluate their options for 2023.

Go says: "Many companies' IPO plans were put on ice in early 2022, in anticipation of more favorable market conditions. Providing market uncertainties and volatility subside, the launch of long-awaited blockbuster IPOs together with improved after-market returns may reverse the sentiment and attract more companies to follow."

Overall, IPO candidates looking to go public will need to be well prepared when re-engaging the market as they will face much lower valuations compared with the highs of 2021.

Notes to editors

About EY

EY exists to build a better working world, helping to create long-term value for clients, people and society and build trust in the capital markets.  

Enabled by data and technology, diverse EY teams in over 150 countries provide trust through assurance and help clients grow, transform and operate.  

Working across assurance, consulting, law, strategy, tax and transactions, EY teams ask better questions to find new answers for the complex issues facing our world today. 

EY refers to the global organization, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients. Information about how EY collects and uses personal data and a description of the rights individuals have under data protection legislation are available via ey.com/privacy. EY member firms do not practice law where prohibited by local laws. For more information about our organization, please visit ey.com. 

This news release has been issued by EYGM Limited, a member of the global EY organization that also does not provide any services to clients. 

About EY Private

As Advisors to the ambitious™, EY Private professionals possess the experience and passion to support private businesses and their owners in unlocking the full potential of their ambitions. EY Private teams offer distinct insights born from the long EY history of working with business owners and entrepreneurs. These teams support the full spectrum of private enterprises including private capital managers and investors and the portfolio businesses they fund, business owners, family businesses, family offices and entrepreneurs. Visit ey.com/private

About EY Initial Public Offering Services

Going public is a transformative milestone in an organization's journey. As the industry-leading advisor in initial public offering (IPO) services, EY teams advise ambitious organizations around the world and helps equip them for IPO success. EY teams serve as trusted business advisors guiding companies from start to completion, strategically positioning businesses to achieve their goals over short windows of opportunity and preparing companies for their next chapter in the public eye. ey.com/ipo

About the data

The data presented here is available on ey.com/ipo/trends. Year to date 2022 (i.e., January-September) is based on completed IPOs from 1 January 2022 to 21 September and expected IPOs by the end of September 2022. Data as of close of business 21 September UK time. All data contained in this document is sourced from Dealogic, CB Insights, Crunchbase, SPAC Insider and EY analysis unless otherwise noted.  SPAC IPOs are excluded in all data included in this report, except where indicated. 

CONTACT: Lauren Mosery
EY Global Media Relations
+1 732 977 2063
lauren.mosery@ey.com

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SOURCE EY

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Economics

Why WWE could be a good stock to buy/hold in October

World Wrestling Entertainment Inc. (NYSE:WWE) remains in defensive mode as the stock market crumbles. A year-to-date return of 37.40% makes the stock one…

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World Wrestling Entertainment Inc. (NYSE:WWE) remains in defensive mode as the stock market crumbles. A year-to-date return of 37.40% makes the stock one to hold for value preservation. This article finds WWE a good stock to trade when keenness and proper risk management are exercised.

WWE, as it is popularly known, is an integrated media and entertainment entity. It’s known for wrestling promotion, but related fields of film and American football widen its scope. 

Just like other entertainment companies, WWE was grounded by the Covid-19 disruption. As recovery began, the stock has never looked back. It has acted as a true momentum stock while maintaining an uptrend since the beginning of the year. There are clear fundamentals too.

In its second quarter, the company’s net revenue rose 24% to $328.2 million or £309.6 million. The revenue was above $322.4 million or £304.15 estimates. The earnings per share increased from $0.42 to $0.59. The company projects “strong revenue growth” in the third quarter. The raised guidance reflects rising content monetization, local media rights fees, and international ticket sales increases. 

WWE touches the bottom of the ascending channel

Source – TradingView

On the daily chart, momentum is weak on WWE as it corrected to $67. However, we can see that WWE is still maintaining the upside channel. 

Should you buy WWE

WWE has maintained momentum and recovers each time it hits the bottom of the ascending channel. The stock is a buy at the current level, preferably after recovering above the 50-day MA. Short-term traders can exit at the top of the ascending channel.

The post Why WWE could be a good stock to buy/hold in October appeared first on Invezz.

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