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Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy as Putin Pummels Ukraine

Six exploration and production investments to buy, as Russia’s President Vladimir Putin intensifies attacking the people in eastern Ukraine, offer investors…



Six exploration and production investments to buy, as Russia’s President Vladimir Putin intensifies attacking the people in eastern Ukraine, offer investors a way to ride high oil prices to profits even if the market overall takes a fall.

The contrarian approach to investing relies on strategically choosing the right stocks and funds that are focused on oil exploration and production (E&P). The six exploration and production investments to buy feature two funds and four stocks that are positioned to rise despite Putin’s persistent attacks on Ukrainians, whether they are women, children or the elderly, aside from men between the ages of 18 and 60 who have been called upon to defend their country from Russian invaders.   

E&P companies in the oil and gas industry are involved in the early stage of energy production known as the upstream segment of the business. E&P entails searching for and extracting oil and gas from the ground. Typically, E&P companies do not refine or produce energy, but instead try to find and extract raw materials. 

Share Price Dips for Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy 

Despite a run-up in oil prices early in 2022 that lifted industry stocks and funds along with it, the sector has pulled back in the last couple of weeks as new COVID-19 lockdowns take place in China, governments in many countries start to raise interest rates to fight inflation and demand for oil weakens. Plus, supply has been limited by government policies opposed to fossil fuels and geopolitical events that include Russia shelling Ukrainian oil refineries and even nuclear power plants.  

BofA Global Research monitors private U.S. E&P companies closely and forecasts their rig activity will top pre-COVID levels, while public U.S. E&Ps are expected to slide 45% below pre-COVID levels. While public E&Ps will raise their activities modestly above maintenance, probably producing 20%-plus year over year (y/y) growth in the group’s capital expenditures (capex), private E&Ps should provide the biggest increases in 2022. 

For example, BofA expects private E&P capex to surge by roughly 55% in 2022. Overall, U.S. E&P capex is projected by BofA to rise 37% this year, including 10% due to inflation.

Pension Chief Picks Two of Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

“The energy sector in general and oil-related investments, in particular, are overbought at this point because of the surge so far this year,” said Bob Carlson, chairman of the Board of Trustees of Virginia’s Fairfax County Employees’ Retirement System with more than $4 billion in assets. “Investors are worried that tightening by the Federal Reserve and slower growth in China due to surging COVID-19 cases will reduce global growth and therefore demand for energy.”

However, a sharp decline in economic growth is unlikely, continued Carlson, who also heads the Retirement Watch investment newsletter. The Fed has barely begun to combat inflation, and the economy still has significant upward momentum, he added.

In addition, China is going to do whatever it takes to maintain economic growth, Carlson counseled. China’s real gross domestic product (GDP), measuring growth after accounting for inflation, reached 8.1% in 2021, after nearly averaging 10% since 1978, even though the World Bank expects just 5.0% in 2022.

Bob Carlson, head of Retirement Watch, talks to author Paul Dykewicz.

Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy Include XLE

“My top pick remains the ETF Energy Select Sector SPDR (XLE),” Carlson told me. “It tracks the S&P 500 energy sector, which is the top-performing sector in the S&P 500 in 2022 after years of underperforming the rest of the index.”

The ETF holds 21 stocks and three other types of investments. About 76% of the fund is in its 10 largest positions. Exxon Mobil (NYSE: XOM) was almost 23% of the fund, and Chevron (NYSE: CHX) was just over 21% of the fund. Other top holdings were EOG Resources (NYSE: EOG), Schlumberger NV (NYSE: SLB) and Conoco Phillips (NYSE: COP).

The fund is a diversified energy investment that holds a portfolio of refiners, E&P stocks, as well as diversified companies engaged in two or more activities. XLE is up 69.09% in the last 12 months, 38.56% for the year to date, 23.14% in the past three months but only 0.83% in the prior four weeks. The weak gain in the last month shows the fund has become overbought and its appreciation will slow for a while, Carlson cautioned.

“As long as economic growth remains solid, demand will exceed supply and support high prices for energy products,” Carlson said. 

Even though companies are working to increase production, it takes a “long time” to do so with new sources or to restore old ones that have been shut down, Carlson said.

Chart courtesy of

MLOAX Joins List of Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

A more aggressive fund to consider is Cohen & Steers MLP & Energy Opportunity (MLOAX), Carlson commented. The fund looks for companies in exploration, production, gathering, transportation, processing, storage, refining, distribution, or marketing of oil, natural gas and other energy sources.

For example, the fund’s largest holding is Enbridge Inc. (NYSE: ENB), which has an extensive pipeline network through which it transports natural gas and other energy products. The fund’s second-largest holding is Cheniere Energy Inc. (NYSEAMERICAN: LNG), which focuses on liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports. Other top holdings are the Williams Companies (NYSE: WMB), TC Energy (NYSE: TRP) and Energy Transfer LP (NYSE: ET).

The fund has 56 positions, with 55% of the fund in the 10 largest positions. MLOAX is up almost 40% in the past 12 months and more than 20% for the year to date. It also has climbed 4.83% in the last four weeks.

As an open-ended mutual fund with several share classes, investors should determine which share class has the lowest cost by inquiring with their brokers. 

Chart courtesy of

Exxon Mobil Joins Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

Exxon Mobil Corp. (NYSE: XOM) is recommended by BofA Global Research and two  investment prognosticators, including Bryan Perry, who heads the Cash Machine investment newsletter, as well as the Premium Income, Quick Income Trader, Hi-Tech Trader and Breakout Options Alert advisory services. The other is Michelle Connell, a former portfolio manager who now serves as president of Dallas-based Portia Capital Management.

Michelle Connell, CEO, Portia Capital Management

The stock has retreated 6.23% in the past week and 3.42% in the last month but jumped 12.13% in the last three months and 54.08% in the past year. It also pays a modest dividend.

Chart courtesy of

BofA has given XOM a price objective of $120 per share, based on $70 Brent and $66.50 WTI long-term prices. The investment firm is using a weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for XOM of 7%, based on the BofA strategy team’s risk premium and a 2-year weekly beta.

Risk to BofA’s price objective include 1) the oil and gas price and margin environment, 2) significant delays to the new upstream projects critical to XOM’s growth targets, and 3) any inability to capture the price environment due to cost pressures from operating expenses, capital expenditures and taxation. Upside risks to the price objective are higher oil & gas prices.

Hess Gains Spot Among Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

BofA set a price objective of $180 per share on Hess Corp., assuming $70 Brent and $66.50 WTI long-term oil prices. The investment firm also applied a WACC of 6.5%, based on the BofA strategy team’s assumed risk premium and a 2-year weekly beta.

The risks to its price objective are the same as with Exxon Mobil, except that the news flow around HES’ exploratory and appraisal drilling activities could hurt the stock. Upside risks to the price objective are higher oil and gas prices.

Hess slipped 11.28% in the past week and 6.97% in the last month but rose 17.65% in the past three months and 50.56% in the previous 12 months.

Chart courtesy of

APA Added to Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

BofA put a $65 price objective on APA Corporation (NASDAQ: APA), assuming the same oil prices as it did for XOM and HES, while applying the same WACC, risk premium and 2-year weekly beta. Potential ways to outperform the BofA price target for APA include 1) higher commodity prices, 2) exploration success in Suriname and 3) exploration success and increased drilling activity in Egypt. 

On the other hand, those potential strengths may not be manifested. The risks to achieving the BofA price objective are 1) lower commodity prices, 2) Egyptian political risk and 3) exploration risk in Suriname.

APA fell 12.72% in the past week and 6.71% in the last month, while jumping 17.02% in the past three months and 108.89% in the last 12 months.

Chart courtesy of

Suncor Latches onto List of Exploration and Production Investments to Buy

Suncor Energy (NYSE: SU) received a BofA price objective of $47 US and $60 CN, based on a $70 Brent and $66.50 WTI long-term prices. BofA assumed long-term HH natural gas of $3.50, as it did for the other stocks. 

The investment firm also used a WACC of 6.7%, following the capital asset pricing model and using a weighted average cost of historical debt, along with a 2-year weekly beta.

Downside pressures on the price target for SU are 1) oil price risk, 2) deterioration in refining margins, 3) interruption of production at units related to operational issues, fires, etc. 4) tax policy in the regions in which it operates and 5) a lack of generalist investor interest.

SU slid 8.76% for the past week and 8.19% for the last month, while jumping 14.42% for the last three months and 58.37% for the past year.

Chart courtesy of

Woods’ Market-Timing Strategy Offered Through ‘Successful Investing’ Signals

The NASDAQ Composite now is officially in bear market territory, after dropping 22.3% from its most-recent annual highs. Year to date through April 26, the tech-heavy index is down 19.4%, with much of that heavy selling taking place in the final two weeks of April, said Jim Woods, who heads the Successful Investing and Intelligence Report investment newsletters, as well as the Bullseye Stock Trader and High Velocity Options trading services.

Technically speaking, all four of the major domestic averages, the Dow Industrials, S&P 500, Nasdaq Composite and Russell 2000, continue to suggest that the dominant trend going forward is bearish, with all four of those indices now trading below their respective 50-day and 200-day moving averages, Woods wrote to his Successful Investing subscribers. The latest data show inflation surging to record highs, as producer prices soared 11.2% year over year to multi-decade highs. If price hikes or higher continue, Woods predicted that the Fed will be forced to become as aggressive as possible.

As for his Successful Investing subscribers, the newsletter uses a plan to know when to invest in the market and when to step away from it. On Jan. 21, those subscribers received a Domestic Fund Composite (DFC) and an International Fund Composite (DFC) “Sell” signal to wait out the market storm calmly. While the numbers dictate a current abstention from broad-based equities, Woods added he thinks that stocks could see a substantive rebound.

For that rebound to take place, a confluence of positives would be needed, such as a less hawkish Fed, a very strong corporate earnings season, a ceasefire or a peace agreement to end Russia’s attack against Ukraine and reduced inflation, Woods advised.

Paul Dykewicz meets with Jim Woods, who leads the Successful Investing and Intelligence Report investment newsletters.

Russia’s unrelenting war against Ukraine is keeping the pressure on oil prices. Russian President Vladimir Putin has all but squelched any chances of a diplomatic solution to the conflict, Woods added.

The civilian atrocities Putin-led forces reportedly have inflicted upon the Ukrainian people have not only caused world leaders such as President Biden of the United States, Prime Minister Boris Johnson of the United Kingdom and France’s President Emmanuel Macron to call Putin a war criminal but to express the need for a formal prosecution.

Leaders in France, Germany, Italy, Greece, the Czech Republic and Poland expressed outrage at images of Ukrainian civilians tortured and killed. Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala called the images “horrifying” and joined in calling the actions war crimes. Germany’s Chancellor Olaf Scholz added that international organizations should receive access to the areas where atrocities are reported to have occurred to document them independently.

COVID-19 Infects More than Half Americans, Fueling Further Economic Concern

The latest COVID-19 news from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that more than half the people in America, including most children, now have been infected with the coronavirus, according to a new CDC study. In China, lockdowns have affected at least 373 million people, including roughly 40% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). A key effect is continued disruption of the world’s supply chain for many products.

Most of Shanghai’s 25 million residents still remain in lockdown, as the Chinese military and additional health workers have been dispatched there to aid in the response. Home to the world’s largest port, Shanghai has struggled to unload cargo due to strict regulations that have caused shipping containers to stack up. Some frustrated Shanghai residents have taken videos that went viral to show people screaming from high-rise buildings about the need for food. 

Also in China, young children with COVID-19 have been separated forcibly from their parents, fueling public dissent, as Chinese leaders seek to stop the spread of a new, highly contagious subvariant of Omicron, BA.2. The variant also is causing a new wave of infections in European nations such as Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland.

COVID-19 Booster Shots in America Total 1 Million, Deaths Near 992,000

COVID-19 deaths worldwide exceeded 6.2 million to total 6,225,505 on April 27, according to Johns Hopkins University. Cases across the globe have jumped to 511,065,429.

U.S. COVID-19 cases, as of April 27, hit 81,101,161, with deaths rising to 991,959. America has the dreaded distinction as the nation with the most COVID-19 cases and deaths.

As of April 26, 257,354,769 people, or 77.5% of the U.S. population, have obtained at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, the CDC reported. Fully vaccinated people total 219,423,356, or 66.1%, of the U.S. population, according to the CDC. America also has reached another milestone by giving a COVID-19 booster vaccine to 100 million people.

The six exploration and production investments to buy show that fossil fuels continue to have an important role in sustaining economic growth and employment, as well as providing a return to their investors. Those seeking to be rewarded for taking additional risk by investing in the market soon may be rewarded if some of the potentially positive developments start to occur.

Paul Dykewicz,, is an accomplished, award-winning journalist who has written for Dow Jones, the Wall Street Journal, Investor’s Business Daily, USA Today, the Journal of Commerce, Seeking Alpha, Guru Focus and other publications and websites. Paul, who can be followed on Twitter @PaulDykewicz, is the editor of and, a writer for both websites and a columnist. He further is editorial director of Eagle Financial Publications in Washington, D.C., where he edits monthly investment newsletters, time-sensitive trading alerts, free e-letters and other investment reports. Paul previously served as business editor of Baltimore’s Daily Record newspaper. Paul also is the author of an inspirational book, “Holy Smokes! Golden Guidance from Notre Dame’s Championship Chaplain,” with a foreword by former national championship-winning football coach Lou Holtz. The book is great as a gift and is endorsed by Joe Montana, Joe Theismann, Ara Parseghian, “Rocket” Ismail, Reggie Brooks, Dick Vitale and many others. Call 202-677-4457 for multiple-book pricing.

The post Six Exploration and Production Investments to Buy as Putin Pummels Ukraine appeared first on Stock Investor.

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Long COVID: female sex, older age and existing health problems increase risk – new research

A new study has analysed UK data from long-term health surveys and electronic health records to understand how common long COVID is, and who might be at…




About 2 million people in the UK currently have long COVID, according to the latest data from the Office for National Statistics.

In the UK, long COVID is defined as “signs and symptoms that continue or develop after acute COVID-19”. This definition is further split into people who have symptoms between four to 12 weeks after infection (ongoing symptomatic COVID-19) and for 12 weeks or more (post-COVID syndrome).

Symptoms can include fatigue, breathlessness, difficulty concentrating and many more – but the precise nature of the symptoms is not well understood. There are also gaps in our knowledge when it comes to the frequency of long COVID, and whether there are particular factors that put people at higher risk of developing the condition.

All of this is partly because the symptoms used to define long COVID often vary between studies, and these studies tend to be based on relatively few people. So the results may not apply to the wider population.

In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, my colleagues and I looked at data from ten UK-based long-term studies, alongside 1.1 million anonymised electronic health records from English general practices. Based on this data, we investigated whether the burden of long COVID (how common it is) differs by demographic and health characteristics, such as age, sex and existing medical conditions.

The studies were established before the pandemic, and have tracked participants over many years. From these surveys, we used data from 6,907 people who self-reported they’d had COVID-19. Comparing this with the data from the electronic health records of people diagnosed with COVID allowed us to examine the frequency of long COVID in those who have seen their GP about it and those who haven’t.

Read more: Long COVID: a public health expert’s campaign to understand the disease

We found that of the people who self-reported having COVID in the studies, the proportion who reported symptoms for longer than 12 weeks ranged between 7.8% and 17%, while 1.2% to 4.8% reported “debilitating” symptoms.

In the electronic health records, we found that only 0.4% of people with a COVID diagnosis were subsequently recorded as having long COVID. This low proportion of diagnoses by GPs may be partly because formal logging of long COVID was only introduced for doctors in November 2020.

COVID-19 National Core Study, Author provided

The proportion of people who reported symptoms for more than 12 weeks varied by age. There was also a lot of variation depending on which definition each study used to capture long COVID. But overall, we found evidence to suggest an increased risk of long COVID was associated with increasing age up to age 70.

The studies include participants across a range of ages, from an average age of 20 to 63. Using a strict definition of symptoms affecting day-to-day function, we found that the proportion of people with symptoms for 12 or more weeks generally rose with increasing age, ranging from 1.2% for 20-year-olds to 4.8% for those aged 63.

We also found that a range of other factors is associated with a heightened risk of developing long COVID. For instance, being female, poorer pre-pandemic mental health and overall health, obesity and having asthma were also identified as risk factors in both the long-term studies and electronic health records.

These findings are broadly consistent with other emerging evidence on long COVID. For example, a recent international review study concluded that women are 22% more likely than men to experience long COVID.

Read more: COVID: long-lasting symptoms rarer in children than in adults – new research

It will be important to understand why these links exist, which is beyond the scope of our research. But identifying who may be at higher risk of long COVID is important, and as we continue to learn more, this could inform public health prevention and treatment strategies.

Ellen Thompson does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

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Redundancy: what to know about your rights when an employer lets you go

Redundancies are an unfortunate fact of life for businesses, but companies can try to make the process of job cuts less painful for workers.



Companies making redundancies should treat both dismissed employees and those that remain with compassion. Syda Productions/Shutterstock

One of the biggest rail strikes in 30 years has been playing out in recent weeks as 40,000 workers protest the threat of job cuts. Their employer, Network Rail, wants to lay off up to 1,800 people as it prepares to introduce new technologies in an attempt to save more than £100 million annually following a post-pandemic drop in passenger numbers.

Transport secretary Grant Shapps has claimed this industrial action will cost around £150 million in lost revenue, in addition to a £450 million hit to the wider UK economy. With such significant costs expected, not to mention the ongoing impact on individual travellers, the government has called on the parties involved – the rail operators and the unions representing the workers – to agree a deal via negotiations.

We already saw the impact of a company taking such matters into its own hands earlier this year when P&O Ferries dismissed 800 employees without notice as it tried to make savings. In the current situation, Network Rail’s management is following a process of consultation with affected employees. It has offered voluntary redundancy in an attempt to limit the impact of its plans for modernisation that will lead to the redundancies, with more than 5,000 workers applying so far, according to news reports.

Unfortunately, redundancies are a fact of life for businesses, particularly in difficult times like the current economic environment. In such circumstances, businesses often choose to make redundancies to create a more sustainable future for the company as a whole. And while making employees redundant tends to be an unpleasant experience for all parties involved, the impact is, of course, most significant for the employees that are losing their jobs. Companies must therefore find a way to implement redundancies with compassion, providing clear communication for all employees during the process, as well as offering ongoing tools and support to the employees that lose their jobs and those that remain.

Setting expectations

So what should you expect? Employees at risk of redundancy are entitled to a fair redundancy process underpinned by the Employee Rights Act 1996, which includes the right to meaningful consultation. According to the UK Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) this should provide the opportunity to discuss the changes and why certain employees are at risk of redundancy. If employees meet specific criteria, such as being employed for a certain amount of time (usually a minimum of two years), they are also entitled to statutory redundancy payments. It is important to check specific employment contracts and the company’s policy on redundancy pay as well, however.

Going beyond basic rights, redundancy programmes can be implemented more smoothly when employees understand the business rationale for the situation, according to my research. Business leaders must provide a clear understanding of why redundancies are being made. Network rail, for example, has discussed its plan to make savings by implementing technology such as drones for site inspections and to drive automation of ticket sales.

To ensure consultations are useful and beneficial, employers should also be able to clearly demonstrate to unions and their members how they have attempted to save costs through means other than redundancies. This could involve reducing or selling unused assets or saving on procurement costs, for example. All reasonable alternatives to redundancies should be considered, such as potential redeployment of employees at risk of redundancy.

Once it has been decided that redundancies are to be made, however, a company should be ready and able to explain how employees were selected and why certain parts of the business were impacted. Overall, employees and unions should be given a clear plan for individual and collective consultation with anticipated timelines and effective communication channels. This will show all impacted employees that careful consideration was given to all decisions around the redundancy programme.

For those employees at risk of redundancy, additional services should be provided to help with the adjustment to life after redundancy. This can include support from the company itself, as well as services from external providers for up to three months after redundancy. Examples include:

  • Retraining: redundancies can be avoided where possible through redeployment by retraining employees to fulfil alternative, available and suitable roles. This depends on the role requirements and reasonable ability to transfer skills.

  • Counselling: loss of income is extremely stressful, causing anxiety and financial worries. Organisations should have the necessary help in place to support employee’s mental health by providing access to free counselling and one-to-one support.

  • Transition: employers can also offer alternative support such as workshops on financial planning and guidance, or on how to start a business.

Two women talking, counselling.
Companies should provide additional support following redundancies. wavebreakmedia/Shutterstock

Supporting other employees

A more compassionate redundancy process should also consider the employees that remain with the organisation. During my research, I found that the way organisations treat the employees who lose their jobs can have a significant impact on the employees who remain in the organisation. They may feel guilty or angry about colleagues losing their jobs, as well as experiencing continued fear of job insecurity if more job losses are expected.

Treating all employees with compassion, fairness and respect during redundancies also benefits the management staff that must implement the process of redundancies. Again, widespread communication – not just with the union, but with employees themselves – helps companies conduct the process with compassion. Remaining employees should understand the future vision and mission of the organisation. Other ways to lift employee morale include investing in training and development, as well as recognising job-related progress or achievements.

Redundancies cannot always be avoided, but the negative impact can certainly be limited for those who lose their jobs, as well as for those who remain. And when unions work with management to ease the pain of redundancies, employees can at least leave the organisation more equipped for the future.

Madeleine Stevens does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

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Spread & Containment

U.S. FDA will decide on redesigned COVID vaccines by early July

U.S. regulators plan to decide by early July on whether to change the design of COVID-19 vaccines this fall in order to combat more recent variants of…



U.S. FDA will decide on redesigned COVID vaccines by early July

By Michael Erman

“The better the match of the vaccines to the circulating strain we believe may correspond to improve vaccine effectiveness, and potentially to a better durability of protection,” Dr. Peter Marks, director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said at a meeting of outside advisers to the regulator.

Vials with Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine labels are seen in this illustration picture taken March 19, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

The committee is scheduled to vote on a recommendation on whether to make the change later on Tuesday.

The updated shots are likely to be redesigned to fight the Omicron variant of the coronavirus, experts say. read more The exact composition of the retooled shots and whether they also will include some of the original vaccine alongside new components will be considered at the meeting.

Pfizer Inc (PFE.N), Moderna Inc (MRNA.O) and Novavax Inc. (NVAX.O) are scheduled to present data at the meeting. All three companies have been testing versions of their vaccines updated to combat the BA.1 Omicron variant that was circulating and led to a massive surge in infections last winter.

Both Moderna and Pfizer with partner BioNTech (22UAy.DE) have said that their respective redesigned vaccines generate a better immune response against BA.1 than their current shots that were designed for the original virus that emerged from China.

They have said that their new vaccines also appear to work against the more recently circulating BA.4 and BA.5 Omicron subvariants, even though that protection is not as strong as against BA.1.

Experts also want to know if the new shots will boost protection against severe disease and death for younger, healthier people or merely offer a few months’ additional safeguard against mild infection.

Scientists who have questioned the value of booster shots for young and healthy people have said a broad campaign is not needed with an updated shot either.

Other experts have championed any additional protection new vaccines may offer.

Reporting by Michael Erman Editing by Bill Berkrot and Bernadette Baum

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Source: Reuters


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