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‘Big CRE Short’ Gains Momentum As Vornado Delays Dividend, Shares Plunge

‘Big CRE Short’ Gains Momentum As Vornado Delays Dividend, Shares Plunge

The commercial real estate market faces impending turmoil as office…

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'Big CRE Short' Gains Momentum As Vornado Delays Dividend, Shares Plunge

The commercial real estate market faces impending turmoil as office and retail property valuations are anticipated to slide this year due to rising interest rates, which makes it challenging for owners of these properties to refinance the hundreds of billions, if not trillions, in debt coming due over the next several years.    

One tradeable real estate investment trust that has caught our eye is Vornado Realty Trust, an office, retail, and residential building owner, which slid as much as 13% in premarket trading, hitting a 27-year low. 

A rising rate environment typically results in annual declines for Vornado. 

Investors are spooked by the 'surprise' announcement that Vornado delayed its dividend and authorized up to $200 million in stock buybacks. Analysts at PiperSandler said the move prompted them to downgrade the owner of offices. 

Here's more analyst commentary (list courtesy of Bloomberg):

Piper Sandler (downgrades to underweight from neutral, cuts PT to $11 from $16) 

  • Analyst Alexander Goldfarb says that, while he understands that many REITs aren't recognized for outsize dividend yields, a complete suspension this early in the year suggests more going on than the Street appreciates
  • If cash preservation is so critical, analyst wonders why the stock buyback program would be a good use of money 

Morgan Stanley (underweight, PT $13) 

  • Vornado's announcement comes as a surprise and follows the firm's previous dividend cut post-4Q, analyst Ronald Kamdem says 
  • While dividend-focused investors near-term could be disappointed, the share repurchases, if fully utilized, may be accretive to earnings

Bloomberg Intelligence 

  • Vornado suspending a quarterly dividend could save around $230 million over the next three quarters, which it might use to buy back shares under a new $200 million authorization, analyst Jeffrey Langbaum writes

Efforts to preserve cash are underway as the CRE landlords face higher financing costs. The surge in remote and hybrid work has notably impacted offices with rising vacancies. 

In a recent shareholder letter, Vornado Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Steven Roth warned:

"We are now approaching the eye of the economic storm, and I expect it will get even worse." 

Earlier this month, Kyle Bass, founder of Dallas-based Hayman Capital Management, explained office buildings in big cities need to be demolished because pre-pandemic demand is never returning. He insisted towers must be converted into apartments. 

"It's one asset class that just has to get redone, and redone meaning demolished," said Bass.

Recall the regional bank crisis in March. Days after the collapse of numerous banks, we outlined to readers the next big domino to fall: New "Big Short" Hits Record Low As Focus Turns To $400 Billion CRE Debt Maturity Wall.

We pointed out the next big short: BBB- tranches of CMBX Series 15, due to its outsized exposure to office commercial real estate...

We also cautioned about a considerable maturity wall in the commercial real estate sector, with $400 billion of debt due this year. Morgan Stanley data shows $2.5 trillion in CRE debt comes due over the next five years.

The collapse in the share price of Vornado is a harbinger of what's to come for the CRE space. 

Tyler Durden Thu, 04/27/2023 - 12:20

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Generative AI’s growing impact on businesses

Over recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has gained considerable traction. And on the back of the resultant excitement, price-earnings (P/E) ratios…

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Over recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has gained considerable traction. And on the back of the resultant excitement, price-earnings (P/E) ratios for stocks even remotely related have soared. Is the excitement premature?

McKinsey recently  published an article titled The State of AI in 2023: Generative AI’s Breakout year, draws on the results of six years of consistent surveying and reveals some compelling findings. My takeaway is that service providers are buying the chips and working furiously to offer AI-enhanced solutions, but corporate customers are still some way off embedding those solutions in their own workflows. There exists a lack of understanding, necessitating more education.

The highest-performing organisations however, as showcased in the research, are already adopting a comprehensive approach to AI, emphasising not just its potential but also the requisite strategies to harness its full value.

Irrespective of the industry, and of whether they are service organisations or manufacturers, the most successful industry leaders strategically chart significant AI opportunities across their operational domains. McKinsey’s findings suggest that despite the buzz surrounding the innovations in generative AI (gen AI), a substantial portion of potential business value originates from AI solutions that don’t even involve gen AI. This reflects a disciplined and value-focused (cost) perspective adopted by even top-tier companies.

One of the critical takeaways from McKinsey’s research is the integration of AI in strategic planning and capability building. For instance, in areas like technology and data management, leading firms emphasise the functionalities essential for capturing the value AI promises. They are capitalising on large language models’ (LLM) prowess to analyse company and industry-specific data. Moreover, these companies are diligently assessing the merits of using prevailing AI services, termed by McKinsey as the “taker” approach. In parallel, many are working on refining their AI models, a strategy McKinsey labels the “shaper” approach, where firms train these models using proprietary data to build a competitive edge.

But the number of organisations doing so are relatively few (Figure 1.)

Figure 1. Gen AI is mostly used in marketing, sales, product and service development

Figure 1 Gen AI is mostly used in marketing, sales, product and service development

Nevertheless, the latest McKinsey global survey reveals the burgeoning influence of gen AI tools is unmistakably evident. A mere year after their debut, a striking one-third of respondents disclosed that their companies consistently integrate gen AI in specific business functions. The implications of AI stretch far beyond its technological aspects, capturing the strategic focus of top-tier leadership. McKinsey quotes, “Nearly one-quarter of surveyed C-suite executives say they are personally using gen AI tools for work,” signalling the mainstreaming of AI in executive deliberations.

In other words, however, a common finding is individuals are using gen AI personally, but their organisation have yet to formally incorporate it into daily processes and workflows. This, despite the “three-quarters of all respondents expect[ing] gen AI to cause significant or disruptive change in the nature of their industry’s competition in the next three years.”

As an aside, AI’s disruptive impact is expected to vary by industry.

McKinsey notes, “Industries relying most heavily on knowledge work are likely to see more disruption—and potentially reap more value. While our estimates suggest that tech companies, unsurprisingly, are poised to see the highest impact from gen AI—adding value equivalent to as much as 9 per cent of global industry revenue—knowledge-based industries such as banking (up to 5 per cent), pharmaceuticals and medical products (also up to 5 per cent), and education (up to 4 per cent) could experience significant effects as well. By contrast, manufacturing-based industries, such as aerospace, automotive, and advanced electronics, could experience less disruptive effects. This stands in contrast to the impact of previous technology waves that affected manufacturing the most and is due to gen AI’s strengths in language-based activities, as opposed to those requiring physical labour.”

Moreover, the journey with AI isn’t devoid of challenges. McKinsey’s findings highlight a significant area of concern: risk management related to gen AI. Many organisations appear unprepared to address gen AI-associated risks, with under half of the respondents indicating measures to mitigate what they perceive as the most pressing risk – inaccuracy.

Drawing from McKinsey’s comprehensive survey, it’s evident that while the realm of AI, particularly gen AI, presents immense potential, it’s a domain still in its very early stages. Many organisations are on the brink of leveraging its power, but there’s still a considerable journey ahead in terms of risk management, strategic adoption, and capability building. As the landscape continues to evolve, McKinsey’s research offers a crucial ‘Give Way’ sign in the roadmap for businesses to navigate the AI frontier.

And that means there is every possibility the boom in AI-related stocks is a bubble. Stock market investors are notoriously impatient and if the benefits (measured in dollars) aren’t coming through investors will recalibrate their expectations. There is every possibility AI is as transformative for the world as promised, but the stock market’s journey is likely to be rocky, inevitably rewinding premature expectations ahead of more sober assessments.  Think, ‘fits and starts’.

As a result, investors should have ample opportunity to invest in the transformative impact of AI at reasonable prices again and shouldn’t feel compelled to pay bubble-like prices amid a fear of missing out.

The full McKinsey article can be read here

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Lights Out for Stocks and Bonds? Not So Fast.

The stock market suddenly has the look of a wounded prize fighter. And the bond market is bordering on being dysfunctional.  In a word, the market is…

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The stock market suddenly has the look of a wounded prize fighter. And the bond market is bordering on being dysfunctional.  In a word, the market is disoriented. Disorientation leads to mistakes.

Don't be fooled. From an investment standpoint, this is one of those periods where those who stay vigilant and pay attention to developments will be in better shape than those who remain confused by circumstances.

As I noted last week: "The relationship between interest rates and stocks is about to be tested, perhaps in a big way. Observe the tightening of the volatility bands (Bollinger Bands) around the New York Stock Exchange Advance Decline line ($NYAD) and the major indexes. This type of technical development reliably predicts big moves. The real arbiter may be the US Treasury bond market. And the place where a lot of the action may take place once bonds decide what to do next may be the large-cap tech stocks. Think QQQ."

Yeah, buddy!

Bond Yields Trade Outside Normal Megatrend Boundaries

Big things are happening in the bond market, which could have lasting effects on stocks and the US economy.

I've been expecting a big move in bond yields, noting recently that yields on the 10-Year US Treasury Yield Index ($TNX) were "on the verge of breaking above long-term resistance," while adding that if such a move took place, it "would likely be meaningful for all markets; stocks, commodities, and currencies."

Well, it happened; after the FOMC meeting and Powell's post-mortem (uh, press conference), TNX blew out all expectations and broke above the 4.4% yield area in a big way, marking their highest point since 2007.  It was such a big move that it may be an intermediate-term top.  At one point in overnight trading on September 21, 2023, TNX hit the 4.5% level. But the current selling in bonds is way overdone, which means that at least a temporary drop in yields is on the cards.

Here's what I mean. The price chart above portrays the relationship between TNX and its 200-day moving average and its corresponding Bollinger Bands. As I noted in my recent video on Bollinger Bands, this is a crucial indicator for pointing out trends that have gone too far and are ripe for a reversal.

In this case, TNX blew out above the upper Bollinger Band, which is two standard deviations above the 200-day moving average. That move is the magnitude of a Category 5 hurricane on steroids and amphetamines. It's also unlikely to remain in place for long unless the market is completely broken.

The price chart suggests we may see a similar situation to what we saw in October 2022 when TNX made a similar move before delivering a nifty fall in yields, which also marked the bottom for stocks.

Meanwhile, as described below, the S&P 500 ($SPX) is reaching oversold levels not seen since the October 2022 and the March 2023 market bottoms.

Stay awake.

Oil Holds Up Better Than QQQ For Now

A great way to regroup after a tough trading period is to first look for areas of the market that are exhibiting relative strength. Currently, the oil sector fits the bill. Second, it pays to look for beaten-up sectors where recoveries are happening the fastest. At this point, it's still early for that part of the equation to develop, as too many traders are still shell-shocked.

Starting with a look at West Texas Intermediate Crude ($WTIC), prices are holding above $90 as the supply for diesel and fuel is well below the five-year average.  And yes, U.S. oil supplies continue to tighten while the weekly rig count falls.

The NYSE Oil Index ($XOI), home to the big oil companies such as Chevron Texaco (CVX), had a mild reaction to the heavy selling we saw in the rest of the market. XOI looks set to test its 50-day simple moving average in what looks to be a short-term pullback.

Chevron's shares barely budged earlier in the week despite an ongoing, albeit short-lived strike by natural gas workers at its Australian facilities. That's a strong showing of relative strength. You can see that short sellers are trying to knock the stock down (falling Accumulation/Distribution line), but buyers are not budging as the On Balance Volume (OBV) line is holding steady.

On the other hand, the very popular trading vehicle the Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) broke below the key support level offered by the $370 price point and its 20 and 50-day simple moving averages. This is an area that I highlighted here last week as being critical support. It now faces a test of the support area at $355. A break below that would likely take QQQ and the rest of the market lower.

An encouraging development is that the RSI for QQQ is nearing 30, which means it's oversold. Let's see what happens next. You can also see a similar pattern in the ADI/OBV indicators to what's evident in CVX above, which suggests that when the shorts get squeezed, it could be an impressive move up.


Join the smart money at Joe Duarte in the Money Options.com.  You can have a look at my latest recommendations FREE with a two-week trial subscription.

And for frequent updates on the technicals for the big stocks in QQQ, click here.


The Market's Breadth Breaks Down and Heads to Oversold Territory

The NYSE Advance Decline line ($NYAD) finally broke below its 20 and 50-day simple moving averages and is headed toward an oversold reading on the RSI, which is approaching the 30 area.

The Nasdaq 100 Index ($NDX) followed and is not testing the 14500–14750 support area. ADI is falling, but OBV is holding up, which means we will likely see a clash between short sellers and buyers at some point in the future.

The S&P 500 ($SPX) is in deeper trouble as it has broken below the key support at 4350 and its 20 and 50-day moving averages. On the other hand, SPX closed below its lower Bollinger Band on September 22, 2023, and is nearing an oversold level on RSI.  Still, the selling pressure was solid as ADI and OBV broke down.

VIX Remains Below 20  

The Cboe Volatility Index ($VIX) is still below the 20 area but is rising. A move above 20 would be very negative.

When VIX rises, stocks tend to fall as it signifies that traders are buying puts. Rising put volume is a sign that market makers are selling stock index futures in order to hedge their put sales to the public. A fall in VIX is bullish as it means less put option buying, and it eventually leads to call buying, which causes market makers to hedge by buying stock index futures, raising the odds of higher stock prices.

Liquidity is Tightening Some

Liquidity is tightening.  The Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) is an approximate sign of the market's liquidity. It remains near its recent high in response to the Fed's move and the rise in bond yields. A move below 5 would be bullish. A move above 5.5% would signal that monetary conditions are tightening beyond the Fed's intentions. That would be very bearish. 


To get the latest information on options trading, check out Options Trading for Dummies, now in its 4th Edition—Get Your Copy Now! Now also available in Audible audiobook format!

#1 New Release on Options Trading!

Good news! I've made my NYAD-Complexity - Chaos chart (featured on my YD5 videos) and a few other favorites public. You can find them here.


Joe Duarte

In The Money Options


Joe Duarte is a former money manager, an active trader, and a widely recognized independent stock market analyst since 1987. He is author of eight investment books, including the best-selling Trading Options for Dummies, rated a TOP Options Book for 2018 by Benzinga.com and now in its third edition, plus The Everything Investing in Your 20s and 30s Book and six other trading books.

The Everything Investing in Your 20s and 30s Book is available at Amazon and Barnes and Noble. It has also been recommended as a Washington Post Color of Money Book of the Month.

To receive Joe's exclusive stock, option and ETF recommendations, in your mailbox every week visit https://joeduarteinthemoneyoptions.com/secure/order_email.asp.

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Bitcoin Mining Can Reduce Up To 8% Of Global Emissions: Report

Bitcoin Mining Can Reduce Up To 8% Of Global Emissions: Report

Authored by Ezra Reguerra via CoinTelegraph.com,

A paper published by the…

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Bitcoin Mining Can Reduce Up To 8% Of Global Emissions: Report

Authored by Ezra Reguerra via CoinTelegraph.com,

A paper published by the Institute of Risk Management (IRM) concluded that Bitcoin has the potential to be a catalyst for a global energy transition. 

IRM Energy and Renewables Group members Dylan Campbell and Alexander Larsen published a report titled “Bitcoin and the Energy Transition: From Risk to Opportunity.”

The paper argued that while BTC was perceived as a risk because of its energy consumption, it can also catalyze energy transition and lead to new solutions for energy challenges worldwide.

Within the report, the authors also highlighted the important function of energy and the increasing need for reliable, clean and more affordable energy sources.

Despite the criticisms of Bitcoin’s energy intensity, the study provided a more balanced view of Bitcoin by showing the potential benefits BTC can bring to the energy industry.

Amount of vented methane that can be used in Bitcoin mining. Source: IRM

According to the report, Bitcoin mining can reduce global emissions by up to 8% by 2030. This can be done by converting the world’s wasted methane emissions into less harmful emissions. The report cited a theoretical case saying that using captured methane to power Bitcoin mining operations can reduce the amount of methane vented into the atmosphere. 

The paper also presented other opportunities for Bitcoin to contribute to the energy sector.

“We have shown that while Bitcoin is a consumer of electricity, this does not translate to it being a high emitter of carbon dioxide and other atmospheric pollutants. Bitcoin can be the catalyst to a cleaner, more energy-abundant future for all,” the authors wrote.

According to the report, Bitcoin can contribute to energy efficiency through electricity grid management by using Bitcoin miners and transferring heat from miners to greenhouses.

Tyler Durden Sun, 09/24/2023 - 13:50

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