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25 Top Destinations for Outdoor Adventurers

Hike to an ice cave, go on a safari to see the world’s largest migration, or travel across a massive ancient volcanic crater filled with wildlife at one…



Hike to an ice cave, go on a safari to see the world's largest migration, or travel across a massive ancient volcanic crater filled with wildlife at one of these top outdoor destinations.

Pandemic concerns continue to put a crimp in travel, especially international travel, but that doesn’t always stop the intrepid outdoor adventurer.

The 10 fastest-growing experiences categories (and 18 of the top 20) were all related to outdoor activities, according to the Viator 2022 travel trends report, a survey of 1,000 U.S. consumers. Outdoor activities grew 153% between 2019 to 2021. According to Deloitte's travel industry outlook, beaches lead among all destination types, followed by cities and outdoor experiences.

Travelers continue to flock to national parks for new adventures and fun. This is Tripadvisor’s list of the parks that delivered on both—and then some. To compile this list of best places in the world for outdoor enthusiasts, Tripadvisor takes into account the quality and quantity of traveler reviews and ratings on their site, and ranks the top 1%.

So pack your passport, vaccination card and hiking boots and start planning your next outdoor escape.

1. Arenal Volcano National Park, Costa Rica

Arenal is of the world’s most active volcanoes, and the rainforested park is filled with hot springs and wildlife and great for birdwatching. 

In recent years the volcano has been quiet, occasionally spewing steam from its peak. Hikers are not allowed to scale the peak, but the volcano makes a beautiful backdrop from trails within the park and Lake Arenal, where visitors enjoy water sports. 

2. Jim Corbett National Park, India

The oldest national park in India, Corbett, located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, was established to protect the endangered Bengal tiger.  

In the summer, Indian elephants can be seen in herds of several hundred. Corbett Park has over 400 different species of flora and over 550 different species of fauna, and a variety of lodging for tourists. 

3. Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

This vast park in northern Tanzania is famous for its massive annual migration of wildebeest and zebra, the largest and longest overland migration on the planet, when some 1.5 million wildebeest travel in a great loop through Tanzania and Kenya in search of greener pastures. 

Serengeti National Park has more than 500 birds and 300 mammal species, including lions, cheetahs, elephants, rhinos, giraffe, impala and hippos. 

4. Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya

This reserve is connected to Serengeti National Park at the border between Kenya and Tanzania, and is also known for wildebeest migration, seen here crossing the Mara River. 

Wildlife to spot here include cheetahs, lions, elephants, zebras and hippos. The area nearby is dotted with the villages of the Maasai people.

5. Kruger National Park, South Africa

One of Africa’s largest game reserves, Kruger’s high density of wild animals includes rhinos, lions, leopards, elephants and buffalos, making it a popular safari destination. 

Kruger is home to over 500 bird species, 100 reptiles, nearly 150 mammals, multiple archaeological sites, and a diversity of trees and flowers. Pictured here is a secretary bird. These large birds of prey can stand up to 4 feet tall.

6. Fiordland National Park, New Zealand

This ancient, glacier-carved landscape is home to glaciers, alpine ranges and unique flora and fauna that have been in existence since New Zealand was part of a supercontinent. 

The wild, rainy park is made up of lakes, rivers, streams, waterfalls and lush rainforest great for hiking. You can take a tour to see the glow worm cave . The Te Anau and Manapouri basecamps offer activities to do on the lake.

7. Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska

Six million acres of Alaska’s interior wilderness and North America’s tallest peak are among the highlights of this park. There is just one road, which is mostly only open to buses, allowing wild animals large and small to roam the unfenced, untamed lands.

Denali National Park's relatively low-elevation taiga forest gives way to high alpine tundra and snowy mountains, culminating in North America's tallest peak. 

Denali was the first national park created to protect wildlife. A goal for many visitors is to see a grizzly bear lumbering through the tundra, and there are also opportunities to spot moose, wolves, Dall sheep and caribou.

8. Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest peak and the world's tallest free-standing mountain. This national park protects the area above 8,850 feet elevation and is a Unesco world heritage site. The mountain's foothills transition into lush forests, where you can spot blue monkeys, western black and white colobuses, bushbabies, and leopards.

9. Westland Tai Poutini National Park, New Zealand

The pristine Westland Tai Poutini National Park is known for its glaciers. You can walk to the base of the Fox and Franz Josef glaciers, which can move up to 13 feet a day. The park also features grasslands, lakes, rivers, wetlands and lowland rainforests that reach all the way to the edge of the Tasman Sea.

10. New Forest National Park, Hampshire, England

New Forest National Park is situated in an area of southern England of the same name. The New Forest region is one of the largest remaining tracts of unenclosed pasture land, heathland and forest in southern England.

New Forest was proclaimed a royal forest by William the Conqueror. It is known for its walking and biking trails and centuries-old woods.

11. Snowdonia National Park, Wales

The 823-square-mile park is Wales’ largest national park and home to over 26,000 people. The landscape is steeped with culture, history, and heritage, and the Welsh language is part of the day-to-day fabric of the area. Explore the towering peaks and green valleys of this rainy landscape, which has extensive recreation opportunities.

12. Banff National Park, Alberta

This was Canada’s first national park. Activities include hiking, biking, skiing and camping among the breathtaking scenery of the Canadian Rockies. 

The resort town of Banff is located within the park, and is part of the Unesco World Heritage Site.

13. Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park, Italy

Two ancient Greek sites in this part of Southern Italy date back to 550 B.C. The Cilento was a major route for trade and cultural and political interaction during the prehistoric and medieval periods, according to Unesco, which has designated it a world heritage site. 

There’s also a Carthusian monastery that dates back to 1306, vast seaside views and deep cave systems.

14. Jasper National Park, Alberta

At over 11,000 square kilometers, Jasper is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies and another Unesco World Heritage Site. It is a wilderness of majestic peaks, abundant wildlife and outstanding natural beauty.

Hike along some of the 745 miles of trails in Jasper National Park and you may come upon a pair of the bright red Adirondack chairs set in a peaceful and scenic location by the parks service.

15. Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

Grand Canyon National Park encompasses 277 miles of the Colorado River. The immense canyon is a mile deep, and up to 18 miles wide, and layered bands of colorful rock reveal millions of years of geologic history. Nearly 6 million people visit this famous park annually.

16. Tarangire National Park, Tanzania

This is another park where you can see the seasonal migration of wildebeest and zebra. Tarangire is home to Tanzania’s largest population of elephants—you can see herds of as many as 300 during the dry season.  The park is famous for its termite mounds, baobab trees and a variety of wildlife.

17. Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania

The heart of this park is the Ngorongoro Crater, the world's largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera that formed when a large volcano exploded and collapsed on itself two to three million years ago. The crater is 2,000 feet deep and 100 square miles. See black rhinoceroses, hippopotamuses, zebras and gazelles in this vast park.

18. Freycinet, Australia

On the east coast of Tasmania, the Freycinet peninsula showcases the pink Hazard Mountains, coastal forests and the calm, turquoise waters of Wineglass Bay. Hike to the lookout above the bay to see the famous arc of white sand, stay in a luxury lodge and indulge in fine food and wine. Yes, there are Tasmanian devils here.

19. Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland

You don’t need to pronounce it to visit this gorgeous protected wilderness surrounding a glacier of the same name. Vatnajökull features blue ice caves, waterfalls, active geothermal areas, unique geological formations and Iceland’s highest freestanding mountain.

Pictured is the Svartifoss waterfall and basalt columns in Vatnajökull National Park.

20. Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming

Situated near famed Jackson Hole, and just 10 miles from Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National Park's crown jewels include the dramatic spires of the Cathedral Group of peaks that rise straight from the valley floor, as well as the majestic Snake River.

Grand Teton is rich with wildlife, pristine lakes, and alpine terrain, and has hundreds of miles of trails. It's great for hiking, biking, fishing, boating and camping.

21. Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

A moonscape of reddish-orange hoodoos, Bryce Canyon is situated along a high plateau at the top of the Grand Staircase. The park's high elevations include numerous life communities, fantastic dark skies, and geological wonders. Enjoy epic views, hiking, cycling, camping, stargazing, and ranger programs.

22. Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia

This forest reserve in central Croatia is known for a chain of 16 terraced lakes, joined by waterfalls, that extend into a limestone canyon. Walkways and hiking trails wind around and across the water, and an electric boat links the 12 upper lakes and four lower lakes.

23. Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Brazil

This park in central Brazil has numerous trails that lead you to dramatic canyons, quartz crystal rock formations, beautiful rock pools and 300-foot waterfalls. The biodiverse park is home to many orchid species and wildlife including armadillos, jaguars and toucans. 

24. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Australia

The park is home to one of Australia’s most famous landmarks, Uluru, a massive sandstone formation in the heart of Australia sacred to the indigenous people. Watch the colors of the desert change as the sun rises and sets, and discover rock art and waterfalls while exploring the park’s geology, natural environment and cultural heritage. 

25. Zion National Park, Utah

This park in southwest Utah is famous for its steep red cliffs, the Virgin River, emerald pools, and Zion Narrows, where hikers wade the river. The park is great for camping, backpacking, biking and rock climbing.

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Delivering aid during war is tricky − here’s what to know about what Gaza relief operations may face

The politics of delivering aid in war zones are messy, the ethics fraught and the logistics daunting. But getting everything right is essential − and…




Palestinians on the outskirts of Gaza City walk by buildings destroyed by Israeli bombardment on Oct. 20, 2023. AP Photo/Ali Mahmoud

The 2.2 million people who live in Gaza are facing economic isolation and experiencing incessant bombardment. Their supplies of essential resources, including food and water, are quickly dwindling.

In response, U.S. President Joe Biden has pledged US$100 million in humanitarian assistance for the citizens of Gaza.

As a scholar of peace and conflict economics who served as a World Bank consultant during the 2014 war between Hamas and Israel, I believe that Biden’s promise raises fundamental questions regarding the delivery of humanitarian aid in a war zone. Political constraints, ethical quandaries and the need to protect the security of aid workers and local communities always make it a logistical nightmare.

In this specific predicament, U.S. officials have to choose a strategy to deliver the aid without the perception of benefiting Hamas, a group the U.S. and Israel both classify as a terrorist organization.


When aiding people in war zones, you can’t just send money, a development strategy called “cash transfers” that has become increasingly popular due to its efficiency. Sending money can boost the supply of locally produced goods and services and help people on the ground pay for what they need most. But injecting cash into an economy so completely cut off from the world would only stoke inflation.

So the aid must consist of goods that have to be brought into Gaza, and services provided by people working as part of an aid mission. Humanitarian aid can include food and water; health, sanitation and hygiene supplies and services; and tents and other materials for shelter and settlement.

Due to the closure of the border with Israel, aid can arrive in Gaza only via the Rafah crossing on the Egyptian border.

The U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, will likely turn to its longtime partner on the ground, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, or UNRWA, to serve as supply depots and distribute goods. That agency, originally founded in 1949 as a temporary measure until a two-state solution could be found, serves in effect as a parallel yet unelected government for Palestinian refugees.

USAID will likely want to tap into UNRWA’s network of 284 schools – many of which are now transformed into humanitarian shelters housing two-thirds of the estimated 1 million people displaced by Israeli airstrikes – and 22 hospitals to expedite distribution.

Map of Gaza and its neighbors
Gaza is a self-governing Palestinian territory. The narrow piece of land is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Israel and Egypt. PeterHermesFurian/iStock via Getty Images Plus


Prior to the Trump administration, the U.S. was typically the largest single provider of aid to the West Bank and Gaza. USAID administers the lion’s share of it.

Since Biden took office, total yearly U.S. assistance for the Palestinian territories has totaled around $150 million, restored from just $8 million in 2020 under the Trump administration. During the Obama administration, however, the U.S. was providing more aid to the territories than it is now, with $1 billion disbursed in the 2013 fiscal year.

But the White House needs Congress to approve this assistance – a process that requires the House of Representatives to elect a new speaker and then for lawmakers to approve aid to Gaza once that happens.


The United Nations Relief and Works Agency is a U.N. organization. It’s not run by Hamas, unlike, for instance, the Gaza Ministry of Health. However, Hamas has frequently undermined UNRWA’s efforts and diverted international aid for military purposes.

Hamas has repeatedly used UNRWA schools as rocket depots. They have repeatedly tunneled beneath UNRWA schools. They have dismantled European Union-funded water pipes to use as rocket fuselages. And even since the most recent violence broke out, the UNRWA has accused Hamas of stealing fuel and food from its Gaza premises.

Humanitarian aid professionals regularly have to contend with these trade-offs when deciding to what extent they can work with governments and local authorities that commit violent acts. They need to do so in exchange for the access required to help civilians under their control.

Similarly, Biden has had to make concessions to Israel while brokering for the freedom to send humanitarian aid to Gaza. For example, he has assured Israel that if any of the aid is diverted by Hamas, the operation will cease.

This promise may have been politically necessary. But if Biden already believes Hamas to be uncaring about civilian welfare, he may not expect the group to refrain from taking what they can.

Security best practices

What can be done to protect the security of humanitarian aid operations that take place in the midst of dangerous conflicts?

Under International Humanitarian Law, local authorities have the primary responsibility for ensuring the delivery of aid – even when they aren’t carrying out that task. To increase the chances that the local authorities will not attack them, aid groups can give “humanitarian notification” and voluntarily alert the local government as to where they will be operating.

Hamas has repeatedly flouted international norms and laws. So the question of if and how the aid convoy will be protected looms large.

Under the current agreement between the U.S., Israel and Egypt, the convoy will raise the U.N. flag. International inspectors will make sure no weapons are on board the vehicles before crossing over from Arish, Egypt, to Rafah, a city located on the Gaza Strip’s border with Egypt.

The aid convoy will likely cross without militarized security. This puts it at some danger of diversion once inside Gaza. But whether the aid convoy is attacked, seized or left alone, the Biden administration will have demonstrated its willingness to attempt a humanitarian relief operation. In this sense, a relatively small first convoy bearing water, medical supplies and food, among other items, serves as a test balloon for a sustained operation to follow soon after.

If the U.S. were to provide the humanitarian convoy a military escort, by contrast, Hamas could see its presence as a provocation. Washington’s support for Israel is so strong that the U.S. could potentially be judged as a party in the conflict between Israel and Hamas.

In that case, the presence of U.S. armed forces might provoke attacks on Gaza-bound aid convoys by Hamas and Islamic jihad fighters that otherwise would not have occurred. Combined with the mobilization of two U.S. Navy carrier groups in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, I’d be concerned that such a move might also stoke regional anger. It would undermine the Biden administration’s attempts to cool the situation.

On U.N.-approved missions, aid delivery may be secured by third-party peacekeepers – meaning, in this case, personnel who are neither Israeli nor Palestinian – with the U.N. Security Council’s blessing. In this case, tragically, it’s unlikely that such a resolution could conceivably pass such a vote, much less quickly enough to make a difference.

Topher L. McDougal does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

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Diagnosis and management of postoperative wound infections in the head and neck region

“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]” Credit: 2023 Barbarewicz…



“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]”

Credit: 2023 Barbarewicz et al.

“The majority of wound infections often manifest themselves immediately postoperatively, so close followup should take place […]”

BUFFALO, NY- October 20, 2023 – A new research perspective was published in Oncoscience (Volume 10) on October 4, 2023, entitled, “Diagnosis and management of postoperative wound infections in the head and neck region.”

In everyday clinical practice at a department for oral and maxillofacial surgery, a large number of surgical procedures in the head and neck region take place under both outpatient and inpatient conditions. The basis of every surgical intervention is the patient’s consent to the respective procedure. Particular attention is drawn to the general and operation-specific risks. 

Particularly in the case of soft tissue procedures in the facial region, bleeding, secondary bleeding, scarring and infection of the surgical area are among the most common complications/risks, depending on the respective procedure. In their new perspective, researchers Filip Barbarewicz, Kai-Olaf Henkel and Florian Dudde from Army Hospital Hamburg in Germany discuss the diagnosis and management of postoperative infections in the head and neck region.

“In order to minimize the wound infections/surgical site infections, aseptic operating conditions with maximum sterility are required.”

Furthermore, depending on the extent of the surgical procedure and the patient‘s previous illnesses, peri- and/or postoperative antibiotics should be considered in order to avoid postoperative surgical site infection. Abscesses, cellulitis, phlegmone and (depending on the location of the procedure) empyema are among the most common postoperative infections in the respective surgical area. The main pathogens of these infections are staphylococci, although mixed (germ) patterns are also possible. 

“Risk factors for the development of a postoperative surgical site infection include, in particular, increased age, smoking, multiple comorbidities and/or systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus type II) as well as congenital and/ or acquired immune deficiency [10, 11].”


Continue reading the paper: DOI: 

Correspondence to: Florian Dudde


Keywords: surgical site infection, head and neck surgery


About Oncoscience

Oncoscience is a peer-reviewed, open-access, traditional journal covering the rapidly growing field of cancer research, especially emergent topics not currently covered by other journals. This journal has a special mission: Freeing oncology from publication cost. It is free for the readers and the authors.

To learn more about Oncoscience, visit and connect with us on social media:

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G77 Nations, China, Push Back On U.S. “Loss And Damage” Climate Fund In Days Leading Up To UN Summit

G77 Nations, China, Push Back On U.S. "Loss And Damage" Climate Fund In Days Leading Up To UN Summit

As was the case in primary school with…



G77 Nations, China, Push Back On U.S. "Loss And Damage" Climate Fund In Days Leading Up To UN Summit

As was the case in primary school with bringing in presents, make sure you bring enough for the rest of the class, otherwise people get ornery...

This age old rule looks like it could be rearing its head in the days leading up to the UN COP 28 climate summit, set to take place in the United Arab Emirates in about six weeks. 

At the prior UN COP 27, which took place in Egypt last year, the U.S. pushed an idea for a new World Bank "loss and damage" climate slush fund to help poor countries with climate change. But the G77 nations plus China, including many developing countries, are pushing back on the idea, according to a new report from the Financial Times

The goal was to arrange how the fund would operate and where the money would come from for the "particularly vulnerable" nations who would have access to it prior to the upcoming summit in UAE.

But as FT notes, Pedro Luis Pedroso Cuesta, the Cuban chair of the G77 plus China group, has said that talks about these details were instead "deadlocked" over issues of - you guessed it - where the money is going and the governance of the fund.

The U.S.'s proposal for the fund to be governed by the World Bank has been rejected by the G77 after "extensive" discussions, the report says. Cuesta has said that the nations seek to have the fund managed elsewhere, but that the U.S. wasn't open to such arrangements. 

Cuesta said: “We have been confronted with an elephant in the room, and that elephant is the US. We have been faced with a very closed position that it is [the World Bank] or nothing.”

Christina Chan, a senior adviser to US climate envoy John Kerry, responded: “We have been working diligently at every turn to address concerns, problem-solve, and find landing zones.” She said the U.S. has been "clear and consistent" in their messaging on the need for the fund. 

Cuesta contends that the World Bank, known for lending to less affluent nations, lacks a "climate culture" and often delays decision-making, hindering quick responses to climate emergencies like Pakistan's recent severe flooding.

The G77 coalition voiced concerns about the World Bank's legal framework potentially limiting the fund's ability to accept diverse funding sources like philanthropic donations or to access capital markets.

With just days left before the UN COP 28 summit, the World Bank insists that combating climate change is integral to its mission and vows to collaborate on structuring the fund.

Tyler Durden Fri, 10/20/2023 - 15:45

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